Economy - Figures


Consumer prices were up by 1.7 percent on average in 2018 relative to the previous year. This is the highest increase after 2013, when consumer prices rose faster partly as a result of an increase in the high VAT rate from 19 to 21 percent in October 2012.

The higher consumer price increase in 2018 is mainly attributable to the price developments of electricity and gas. Last year, electricity was on average 15.7 percent more expensive than in 2017. Gas prices were up by 7.5 percent.

In 2018, HICP-based consumer prices in the Netherlands were up by 1.6 percent relative to 2017. The price increase in the eurozone was 1.8 percent year-on-year. In Belgium and Germany, prices went up by 2.3 and 1.9 percent respectively.

The European Central Bank (ECB) uses these figures to formulate its monetary policies. According to the ECB, prices in the eurozone are stable as long as the consumer price increase stays around 2 percent.

In 2018, the average sales price of owner-occupied homes in the Netherlands went up to over 287 thousand euros. Blaricum had the highest average house price at 902 thousand euros, the highest in any municipality since 1995. Delfzijl property was lowest in price at an average 142 thousand euros. Price disparities between municipalities were greater in 2018 than in the previous year.

Despite lower prices in the petroleum industry, producer prices were exactly 1 percent higher at the start of 2019 than one year previously. Prices in the petroleum industry were nearly 7 percent lower than in January 2018. At the beginning of Q4 2018, they were still up by almost 40 percent year-on-year. The petroleum industry usually has a major impact on price developments in other branches of industry.

Prices in the food industry have increased over the past few years and were up 4 percent by January 2019 relative to 2015. Dairy and fish products in particular rose sharply in price. Price levels in the dairy and fish-processing industries were up by nearly 16 percent and over 12 percent respectively. Prices did not increase across the board in the food industry, however; the chocolate and sugar industries dropped prices by nearly 6 and over 12 percent respectively relative to 2015.

Prices of commercial services and transport rose by an average 7 percent during the period 2008–2018. A relatively strong increase was recorded in the rates for administrative and support services, by 19 percent. Real estate activities also saw a relatively sharp price increase: 17 percent. The only price decrease was found in the information and communication industry.

Apart from the rates for rental and leasing activities, prices of all administrative and support services showed a continual increase in the period 2008–2018. The increase was most substantial in employment services, temp agencies and personnel management. Prices in these industries were up by more than one-quarter in 2018 relative to 2008.


This web publication was developed by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) in cooperation with Textcetera Den Haag.

If you have a question or comment about this publication, please contact us.

Disclaimer and copyright


On this website, CBS uses functional cookies on this website to allow proper functioning of the site. These cookies do not contain personal user data and have minimal or no consequences for your privacy. In addition, CBS uses analytical cookies to track visitor statistics, including the number of page views, which topics users are searching, and how visitors reach our website. The purpose is to gain insight into the functioning of the website in order to improve your user experience. We minimise traceability of visitors to our website as much as possible by anonymising the final octet (group of eight bits) of each IP address. These data are not shared with other parties. CBS does not use tracking cookies. Tracking cookies are cookies that track visitors during their browsing of other websites.

The functional and analytical cookies have minimal or no consequences for your privacy. In accordance with current regulations, these cookies may be placed without prior consent.

More information (in Dutch only):


Opening page and header: © Hollandse Hoogte / Martijn Beekman

Society - Trends: © Hollandse Hoogte / Patricia Rehe

Economy - Trends: © Hollandse Hoogte / Marcel Krijgsman

Labour and income - Trends: © Hollandse Hoogte / Sabine Joosten


Explanation of symbols

. Data not available
* Provisional figure
** Revised provisional figure
x Confidential
(between two whole numbers) up to and including
0 (0.0) The number is smaller than half of the selected unit
empty cell Not applicable
2018–2019 2018 to 2019 inclusive
2018/2019 Average for 2018 to 2019 inclusive
2018/’19 Crop year, financial year, school year, etc., beginning in 2018 and ending in 2019
2016/’17–2018/’19 Crop year, financial year, etc., 2016/’17 to 2018/’19 inclusive

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

About CBS

The statutory task of Statistics Netherlands (CBS) is to produce official statistics and to disseminate the results from statistical research. CBS publishes reliable and coherent statistical information which is shared with public authorities, citizens, politicians, academics, the media and the private sector. In doing so, CBS supports public debates by delivering facts that matter.

CBS provides insights into current trends in Dutch society. The topics on which CBS publishes data are relevant to the public, e.g. economic growth and consumer prices, but also crime and leisure.

Aside from national (official) statistics production, CBS is also responsible for producing European (community) statistics. These determine the bulk of the statistical work programme.

For more information on CBS’s tasks, organisation and publications, go to


Should you have any questions or need more information, please contact us.

Scroll back to the top of the page