Edition 2022

Foto omschrijving: The mega wind turbines are built both on land and in the IJsselmeer, on foundations in the water.

How many wind turbines in the Netherlands?

By the end of 2020, the Netherlands had 2,606 wind turbines in use to generate electricity; 2,144 were located on land (inland waterways included) and 462 at sea. In 2020, these turbines generated enough electricity to power 5.6 million households (15.3 billion kWh), with 36 percent coming from offshore turbines and 64 percent from onshore turbines. Wind power production rose to 17.9 billion kWh in 2021.

How many wind turbines in the Netherlands?Hoeveel windmolens staan er in Nederland?462 op zeeoffshore2 144op landonshore9,9 mld kWh elektriciteit uitwindmolensop land9.9 bn kWh onshore wind capacity5,5 mld kWhelektriciteit uitwindmolensop zee5.5 bn kWh offshore wind capacity

Due to a greater average shaft height, offshore wind turbines, with an average capacity of 5 megawatts (MW), can generate more power than onshore turbines (2 MW). Moreover, offshore wind turbines receive a greater wind supply, allowing them to generate more electricity. The so-called production factor, i.e. the actual electricity production divided by the maximum possible production, is 41 percent for an offshore turbine, against 29 percent for an onshore turbine.

Electricity production and installed wind power capacity
Onshore generation Offshore generation Installed onshore capacity Installed offshore capacity
2000 0.8 . 447 .
2001 0.8 . 485 .
2002 0.9 . 672 .
2003 1.3 . 905 .
2004 1.9 . 1075 .
2005 2.1 . 1224 .
2006 2.7 0.1 1453 108
2007 3.1 0.3 1641 108
2008 3.7 0.6 1921 228
2009 3.8 0.7 1994 228
2010 3.3 0.7 2009 228
2011 4.3 0.8 2088 228
2012 4.2 0.8 2205 228
2013 4.9 0.8 2485 228
2014 5 0.7 2637 228
2015 6.4 1.1 3034 357
2016 5.9 2.3 3300 957
2017 6.9 3.7 3245 957
2018 6.9 3.6 3436 957
2019 7.9 3.6 3527 957
2020** 9.9 5.5 4159 2460
2021 * 9.9 8 5341 2460
*Provisional figures, **Revised provisional figures

Wind largest source for renewable electricity

In 2021, wind energy generated 14.7 percent of the total domestic electricity consumption.noot1 Wind energy has been the main source of renewable electricitynoot2 since 2014: 45 percent of all renewable electricity production in 2021. While the growth of onshore wind turbines is increasing steadily every year, the increase in offshore turbines happens in leaps and bounds. The reason for this is that offshore wind turbines are more expensive to install and projects deliver many large wind turbines in one go.

Most onshore wind energy produced along the coast

Three quarters of the total installed onshore wind energy capacity is found along the coast, in the Regional Energy Strategy (RES) regions of Flevoland, Groningen, Noord-Holland Noord, Zeeland and Rotterdam/The Hague. In 2020, the wind turbines in these regions generated 74 percent (7.3 kWh) of the onshore wind energy production.

Installed capacity of onshore wind energy by RES region1), 2020*
RES region Installed capacity
Groningen 618
Friesland 198
Drenthe 43
West-Overijssel 66
Flevoland 1169
Achterhoek 30
Arnhem/Nijmegen 18
Foodvalley 6
Rivierenland (Fruitdelta) 79
Stedendriehoek/Cleantech 6
U10/U16 34
Noord-Holland Noord 536
Noord-Holland Zuid 106
Alblasserwaard 9
Drechtsteden 9
Goeree-Overflakkee 77
Hoeksewaard 56
Holland Rijnland 24
Midden-Holland 12
Rotterdam/Den Haag 258
Zeeland 525
Hart van Brabant 37
Metropoolregio Eindhoven 21
Noordoost-Brabant 2
West-Brabant 199
Noord- en Midden-Limburg 21

The questions


Gross final electricity consumption

Gross electricity production is the production including the turbine’s own use. Wind turbines’ own use is the electricity needed to generate electricity.

Renewable electricity

Energy generated from natural sources which are replenished constantly. This includes wind, hydropower, solar, geothermal and aerothermal energy as well as biomass. Fossil energy and nuclear energy do not qualify as renewable energy, as they originate from resources that are not replenished.


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Explanation of symbols

Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

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Concept & image editor

Irene van Kuik


Hendrik Zuidhoek

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie


Gert Jan Wijma

Karolien van Wijk

Michel van Kooten

Paul de Winden

Ronald van der Bie

Sidney Vergouw



Gabriëlle de Vet

Frans Dinnissen

Final editor

Elma Wobma

We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in numbers.