Edition 2021

Foto omschrijving: Neighbourhood community box, meaning ‘get what you need, give what you don’t need’

How many families are at risk of poverty?

In 2019, 574 thousand households had an income below the low-income threshold. This is 7.7 percent of all households. In 2014, in the aftermath of the economic crisis, the percentage of households below the low-income threshold was 8.5 percent. Two years later, it had fallen to 7.9 percent and remained so until 2019.

Single people13.6%Single-parent families13.3%Couples without children2.9%Couples with children3.7%How many households are at risk of poverty?households574,0007.7%of all households

Among the 574 thousand households with an income below the low-income threshold, 361 thousand were single persons (63 percent of these households), 71 thousand were single-parent families (12 percent), 73 thousand were couples with children (13 percent) and 63 thousand were couples without children (11 percent).

Low-income threshold

The low-income threshold represents a fixed purchasing power amount and is adjusted annually for price developments. In 2019, the threshold for a single person was 1,090 euros net per month. For a couple without children it was 1,530 euros, and for a couple with two children under 18 years old 2,080 euros. For a single-parent family with two children under 18 years old, the threshold was 1,660 euros.

The low-income threshold is not a strict poverty threshold but is a criterion that indicates whether or not a household has an increased risk of poverty. A household with an income below the low-income threshold is therefore referred to as a household ‘at risk of poverty’.

Households below the low-income threshold, 2019 (x 1,000)
Type huishouden Households below the low-income threshold, 2019
Single people 361.2
Single-parent families 70.8
Couples without children 62.7
Couples with children 72.8
Other households 6.5

Increase in the number of households at long-term risk of poverty

Of the 574 thousand households with a low income, 237 thousand (3.4 percent of all households) had been living on a low income for at least four consecutive years. Unlike the share of households below the low-income threshold, the percentage of households living on a low income for an extended period of time has increased (slightly) after 2016.

Fewer children at risk of poverty

The 574 thousand households at risk of poverty account for more than 1 million people, of whom 251 thousand are minors. Nearly 100 thousand children had been living in a family on a low income for at least four years. The share of children at risk of poverty peaked at 321 thousand in 2013 (9.9 percent of all Dutch children). After that, their share decreased each year, reaching 7.8 percent in 2019. The group of children at risk of long-term poverty has also decreased annually since 2015.

Population living below the low-income threshold (%)
Jaar Total population Children
2011 5.8 8
2012 6.7 9.1
2013 7.4 9.9
2014 7.2 9.7
2015 6.9 9.2
2016 6.5 8.5
2017 6.3 8.1
2018 6.3 7.9
2019* 6.2 7.8
* provisional figure

Risk of poverty highest in largest cities

The number of people living below the low-income threshold is highest in the big cities. Big cities are also where most people reside. But the relative number of people with an income under the low-income threshold is also highest in the big cities. Rotterdam, Amsterdam and The Hague are in the lead, together with Groningen and Arnhem. The percentage of people at risk of poverty is higher than 11% in these municipalities. By comparison: the national average is 6.2 percent. The number of children at risk of living in poverty is highest in Rotterdam (16.5 percent), Heerlen (15 percent), Delfzijl (14.6 percent), Amsterdam (14.5 percent) and The Hague (14 percent). In 25 municipalities, this percentage is higher than 10. To provide you with some perspective: the national percentage of children at risk of poverty is 7.8.

Children in families living below the low-income threshold, 2019*
GemNaam Share of children (%)
Aa en Hunze 5.6
Aalsmeer 4.3
Aalten 4.4
Achtkarspelen 8
Alblasserdam 5.3
Albrandswaard 4
Alkmaar 6.9
Almelo 9.8
Almere 8.7
Alphen aan den Rijn 5.5
Alphen-Chaam 6.4
Altena 4
Ameland 3.1
Amersfoort 6.7
Amstelveen 5.6
Amsterdam 14.5
Apeldoorn 7
Appingedam 12.4
Arnhem 11.4
Assen 7.5
Asten 4.9
Baarle-Nassau 4.6
Baarn 5.6
Barendrecht 4.6
Barneveld 3.8
Beek (L.) 7.7
Beekdaelen 5.8
Beemster 5
Beesel 6.1
Berg en Dal 6.3
Bergeijk 4.1
Bergen (L.) 5.7
Bergen (NH.) 5.7
Bergen op Zoom 9.8
Berkelland 4.8
Bernheze 3.7
Best 4
Beuningen 5.1
Beverwijk 8.7
Bladel 4.3
Blaricum 6.8
Bloemendaal 4.1
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 4.5
Boekel 4.5
Borger-Odoorn 7.1
Borne 3.9
Borsele 4.4
Boxmeer 5.4
Boxtel 6.7
Breda 7.8
Brielle 4.3
Bronckhorst 4.4
Brummen 5.4
Brunssum 9.1
Bunnik 3
Bunschoten 3.7
Buren 5.6
Capelle aan den IJssel 10.8
Castricum 3.7
Coevorden 8
Cranendonck 5.7
Cuijk 6
Culemborg 6.2
Dalfsen 3.3
Dantumadiel 6
De Bilt 5.5
De Fryske Marren 5.9
De Ronde Venen 5
De Wolden 4.8
Delft 11.4
Delfzijl 14.6
Den Helder 10.2
Deurne 5.2
Deventer 7.2
Diemen 8.2
Dinkelland 4.3
Doesburg 8.5
Doetinchem 7.7
Dongen 4.6
Dordrecht 9.5
Drechterland 3.9
Drimmelen 4.4
Dronten 5.9
Druten 5.3
Duiven 5.2
Echt-Susteren 6.4
Edam-Volendam 4.2
Ede 5.1
Eemnes 3.9
Eersel 4
Eijsden-Margraten 3.8
Eindhoven 9.4
Elburg 4.9
Emmen 9.2
Enkhuizen 7.8
Enschede 11.8
Epe 6.4
Ermelo 5.3
Etten-Leur 6.4
Geertruidenberg 5
Geldrop-Mierlo 7
Gemert-Bakel 5.5
Gennep 6.3
Gilze en Rijen 7.4
Goeree-Overflakkee 4.4
Goes 6.3
Goirle 3.5
Gooise Meren 5.1
Gorinchem 8.3
Gouda 8.1
Grave 6.4
Groningen (gemeente) 11
Gulpen-Wittem 5.7
Haaksbergen 5
Haaren 2.7
Haarlem 7.9
Haarlemmermeer 5.1
Halderberge 7.4
Hardenberg 4.8
Harderwijk 6.2
Hardinxveld-Giessendam 3.3
Harlingen 7.3
Hattem 3
Heemskerk 7.6
Heemstede 3.5
Heerde 4.2
Heerenveen 5.9
Heerhugowaard 5.2
Heerlen 15.0
Heeze-Leende 3.3
Heiloo 4.2
Hellendoorn 4
Hellevoetsluis 7.7
Helmond 9.2
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 5
Hengelo (O.) 8.1
Het Hogeland 6.6
Heumen 4.4
Heusden 4.1
Hillegom 5.5
Hilvarenbeek 4
Hilversum 7
Hoeksche Waard 4.3
Hof van Twente 4.8
Hollands Kroon 5.4
Hoogeveen 7.4
Hoorn 7.5
Horst aan de Maas 3.9
Houten 3.4
Huizen 6.5
Hulst 6.3
IJsselstein 6.1
Kaag en Braassem 5.3
Kampen 5
Kapelle 4.8
Katwijk 4.6
Kerkrade 12.6
Koggenland 4.3
Krimpen aan den IJssel 6
Krimpenerwaard 5
Laarbeek 4.9
Landerd 5
Landgraaf 10.3
Landsmeer 4.6
Langedijk 5.5
Lansingerland 4.7
Laren (NH.) 6.4
Leeuwarden 10.3
Leiden 9.6
Leiderdorp 5.1
Leidschendam-Voorburg 7.4
Lelystad 9.6
Leudal 4.4
Leusden 4
Lingewaard 4.2
Lisse 4
Lochem 5.3
Loon op Zand 4.8
Lopik 6.3
Loppersum 6.6
Losser 6.4
Maasdriel 5.6
Maasgouw 4.2
Maassluis 10.4
Maastricht 11.2
Medemblik 5.1
Meerssen 3.8
Meierijstad 5.1
Meppel 5.8
Middelburg (Z.) 8.2
Midden-Delfland 4.2
Midden-Drenthe 4.9
Midden-Groningen 9.7
Mill en Sint Hubert 6.3
Moerdijk 6.2
Molenlanden 3.3
Montferland 5.6
Montfoort 4.4
Mook en Middelaar 3.6
Neder-Betuwe 4.6
Nederweert 4.3
Nieuwegein 7.4
Nieuwkoop 4.5
Nijkerk 4.1
Nijmegen 9.9
Nissewaard 9.8
Noardeast-Fryslân 6.7
Noord-Beveland 7.4
Noordenveld 5.9
Noordoostpolder 8.1
Noordwijk 5
Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten 5.4
Nunspeet 4.7
Oegstgeest 4.4
Oirschot 3.3
Oisterwijk 5.1
Oldambt 10.9
Oldebroek 4.3
Oldenzaal 6.1
Olst-Wijhe 5
Ommen 5.8
Oost Gelre 4.1
Oosterhout 7.6
Ooststellingwerf 6.4
Oostzaan 4.9
Opmeer 3.5
Opsterland 6.2
Oss 6.5
Oude IJsselstreek 7.1
Ouder-Amstel 4.6
Oudewater 4.3
Overbetuwe 4.5
Papendrecht 5.9
Peel en Maas 4.1
Pekela 12.8
Pijnacker-Nootdorp 3.9
Purmerend 7
Putten 4.2
Raalte 5
Reimerswaal 6.4
Renkum 6.3
Renswoude 3.1
Reusel-De Mierden 4.6
Rheden 8.6
Rhenen 4.7
Ridderkerk 8.8
Rijssen-Holten 3.5
Rijswijk (ZH.) 10.8
Roerdalen 5.5
Roermond 9.4
Roosendaal 9.7
Rotterdam 16.5
Rozendaal 3
Rucphen 6.2
Schagen 4.3
Scherpenzeel 3.7
Schiedam 13.3
Schiermonnikoog 3.9
Schouwen-Duiveland 7.1
's-Gravenhage (gemeente) 14.0
's-Hertogenbosch 7.6
Simpelveld 5.2
Sint Anthonis 4
Sint-Michielsgestel 3.9
Sittard-Geleen 9.5
Sliedrecht 6.7
Sluis 7
Smallingerland 8.1
Soest 6.8
Someren 4.7
Son en Breugel 4.3
Stadskanaal 8.5
Staphorst 3
Stede Broec 5.7
Steenbergen 7
Steenwijkerland 5.7
Stein (L.) 4.9
Stichtse Vecht 4.5
Súdwest-Fryslân 7.1
Terneuzen 8.4
Terschelling 2.3
Texel 7.4
Teylingen 3.6
Tholen 6
Tiel 8.4
Tilburg 10.1
Tubbergen 2.9
Twenterand 4.8
Tynaarlo 4.7
Tytsjerksteradiel 5
Uden 5.2
Uitgeest 4
Uithoorn 6.8
Urk 5.6
Utrecht (gemeente) 9.5
Utrechtse Heuvelrug 5.2
Vaals 9.6
Valkenburg aan de Geul 7.5
Valkenswaard 6.6
Veendam 9.4
Veenendaal 6.5
Veere 3.1
Veldhoven 5.2
Velsen 7.6
Venlo 9.5
Venray 6.6
Vijfheerenlanden 5.9
Vlaardingen 11.8
Vlieland 6.8
Vlissingen 10.9
Voerendaal 6.4
Voorschoten 5
Voorst 3.7
Vught 3.9
Waadhoeke 6.2
Waalre 4.8
Waalwijk 6
Waddinxveen 5.6
Wageningen 7.1
Wassenaar 6.8
Waterland 5.3
Weert 7.3
Weesp 7.2
West Betuwe 4.1
West Maas en Waal 5.5
Westerkwartier 5
Westerveld 4.2
Westervoort 7.9
Westerwolde 9.6
Westland 5.2
Weststellingwerf 6.3
Westvoorne 5.9
Wierden 3.6
Wijchen 5.4
Wijdemeren 4.9
Wijk bij Duurstede 4.7
Winterswijk 5.7
Woensdrecht 5.8
Woerden 4.4
Wormerland 6.9
Woudenberg 3.9
Zaanstad 9
Zaltbommel 5.1
Zandvoort 9.5
Zeewolde 6.3
Zeist 8.9
Zevenaar 6.5
Zoetermeer 9.1
Zoeterwoude 4.2
Zuidplas 5.2
Zundert 6.4
Zutphen 9.2
Zwartewaterland 4.2
Zwijndrecht 11.3
Zwolle 6.6
* provisional figures

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