Edition 2023

Foto omschrijving: Woman shopping online on her laptop while lying on a couch.

What type of shop is seen less and less?

Shops selling CDs and DVDs are becoming harder to find on Dutch high streets. Ten years ago there were 455 shops selling audio and video recordings, in 2023 there are 200. Many toy shops and shoe shops, too, have closed for business.

Welke winkels zijn er steeds minder? What type of shop is seen less and less? 1 415 890 Reading and stationery 455 200 Audio and videorecordings 1 610 1 005 Wit- en bruingoed Consumer electronics 1 305 735 Speelgoed Toys 3 550 2 035 Schoenen Shoes 2013 2023

The total number of physical (‘brick-and-mortar’) shops has been declining for years: from 93.3 thousand in 2013 to 83.2 thousand at the beginning of 2021. In that year it rose again slightly (to 83.8 thousand). But the increase did not persist, and by the beginning of this year the number had dropped again, to 82.1 thousand. This year, the number of online shops (84.1 thousand) outnumbered the number of physical shops for the first time. The number of online shops rose particularly strongly during the Covid pandemic.

Shops, 1 January (x 1,000)
Jaar Physical shops Online shops
2013 93.3 23.0
2014 90.6 24.0
2015 90.0 29.2
2016 89.5 32.2
2017 87.7 34.4
2018 87.0 37.8
2019 85.9 40.8
2020 84.1 49.4
2021 83.2 63.3
2022 83.8 80.8
2023* 82.1 84.1
*Provisional figures

Most high-street shops sell clothes

Clothes shops are most common on the high street. They numbered 13.3 thousand at the beginning of this year, 22 percent down on 2013. Shops selling miscellaneous household items are also still relatively popular, although their numbers, too, are declining. Supermarkets are also plentiful. The number of supermarkets has even risen slightly in the last ten years.

Shops, 1 January (x 1,000)
Soort winkel 2023* 2013
Clothes shops 13.3 17.0
Shops selling
other household goods
6.5 7.6
Supermarkets 6.4 5.8
Flower shops,
pet shops,
garden centres
5.5 6.4
DIY stores 5.0 5.3
*Provisional figures

Most municipalities have fewer shops than at the beginning of 2022

Seven out every ten Dutch municipalities counted fewer shops on 1 January 2023 than one year previously. The largest drop (17 percent) was in Alphen-Chaam. Neighbouring municipality Baarle-Nassau saw the strongest increase (11 percent). In the twenty most populated municipalities, only shoppers in Zoetermeer and Arnhem had more shops to choose from.

Change in number of shops, 2023* relative to 2022
Gemeentenaam Number of shops
Aa en Hunze 9.5
Aalsmeer 2.9
Aalten -4.1
Achtkarspelen 4.0
Alblasserdam 0.0
Albrandswaard -1.3
Alkmaar -1.8
Almelo -4.8
Almere -2.9
Alphen aan den Rijn -1.1
Alphen-Chaam -17.0
Altena 0.9
Ameland 3.9
Amersfoort -4.2
Amstelveen -1.4
Amsterdam -2.0
Apeldoorn -1.2
Arnhem 0.6
Assen 0.3
Asten -5.8
Baarle-Nassau 10.9
Baarn -2.9
Barendrecht -2.7
Barneveld 0.3
Beek (L.) -5.1
Beekdaelen -0.8
Beesel 0.0
Berg en Dal -4.3
Bergeijk 2.5
Bergen (L.) 4.3
Bergen (NH.) -1.0
Bergen op Zoom -4.5
Berkelland -5.9
Bernheze -6.8
Best 7.2
Beuningen 3.2
Beverwijk -1.7
Bladel 4.7
Blaricum -8.3
Bloemendaal -3.1
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 4.8
Boekel -1.9
Borger-Odoorn 1.1
Borne -3.2
Borsele -1.9
Boxtel -7.2
Breda -2.0
Bronckhorst -0.5
Brummen 1.1
Brunssum -4.4
Bunnik -9.6
Bunschoten -3.9
Buren -8.0
Capelle aan den IJssel -2.2
Castricum -3.9
Coevorden 1.2
Cranendonck 6.3
Culemborg -2.7
Dalfsen 5.2
Dantumadiel -5.8
De Bilt 4.6
De Fryske Marren -1.4
De Ronde Venen 4.7
De Wolden -10.4
Delft -5.0
Den Helder -5.7
Deurne -2.9
Deventer 2.7
Diemen 2.0
Dijk en Waard -2.0
Dinkelland -1.2
Doesburg -4.0
Doetinchem -1.2
Dongen -8.3
Dordrecht -2.0
Drechterland -3.8
Drimmelen -6.6
Dronten -1.2
Druten 1.1
Duiven 4.6
Echt-Susteren -3.0
Edam-Volendam -3.1
Ede -3.7
Eemnes 6.7
Eemsdelta -3.2
Eersel -6.4
Eijsden-Margraten -10.6
Eindhoven -1.8
Elburg -4.4
Emmen -3.1
Enkhuizen -4.2
Enschede -1.8
Epe -5.2
Ermelo -4.6
Etten-Leur 1.6
Geertruidenberg -1.1
Geldrop-Mierlo -4.2
Gemert-Bakel 0.8
Gennep -5.4
Gilze en Rijen -1.8
Goeree-Overflakkee -2.3
Goes -0.4
Goirle 3.3
Gooise Meren -0.8
Gorinchem -6.1
Gouda 0.3
Groningen (gemeente) -1.9
Gulpen-Wittem -5.5
Haaksbergen 2.8
Haarlem -0.5
Haarlemmermeer -2.8
Halderberge -2.5
Hardenberg -4.6
Harderwijk -4.2
Hardinxveld-Giessendam -7.3
Harlingen 1.1
Hattem -4.1
Heemskerk -3.3
Heemstede -2.5
Heerde -5.2
Heerenveen -1.1
Heerlen -1.8
Heeze-Leende -2.9
Heiloo -6.7
Hellendoorn -3.5
Helmond -2.3
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht -1.1
Hengelo -3.1
Het Hogeland 4.3
Heumen -14.1
Heusden -3.6
Hillegom -1.0
Hilvarenbeek -6.7
Hilversum -0.2
Hoeksche Waard -2.8
Hof van Twente -5.0
Hollands Kroon -1.8
Hoogeveen 0.3
Hoorn -2.8
Horst aan de Maas -0.6
Houten -4.6
Huizen -2.2
Hulst 0.0
IJsselstein -2.9
Kaag en Braassem -2.9
Kampen -1.1
Kapelle -6.8
Katwijk -0.4
Kerkrade 1.1
Koggenland -6.2
Krimpen aan den IJssel -4.0
Krimpenerwaard -3.7
Laarbeek 1.0
Land van Cuijk 1.3
Landgraaf -10.5
Landsmeer 4.4
Lansingerland -2.1
Laren (NH.) -5.3
Leeuwarden -3.4
Leiden 0.3
Leiderdorp 3.1
Leidschendam-Voorburg 2.9
Lelystad -4.4
Leudal -0.6
Leusden 0.0
Lingewaard 0.6
Lisse -5.6
Lochem -0.6
Loon op Zand -3.7
Lopik -6.5
Losser -2.7
Maasdriel 2.8
Maasgouw -3.6
Maashorst 0.9
Maassluis -4.6
Maastricht -0.8
Medemblik -8.4
Meerssen 4.9
Meierijstad -3.0
Meppel -2.4
Middelburg -3.0
Midden-Delfland -2.4
Midden-Drenthe -2.1
Midden-Groningen -0.9
Moerdijk -5.4
Molenlanden -2.8
Montferland -8.3
Montfoort 4.3
Mook en Middelaar 6.3
Neder-Betuwe 0.8
Nederweert 4.4
Nieuwegein 6.8
Nieuwkoop 4.0
Nijkerk 3.9
Nijmegen -3.1
Nissewaard -0.7
Noardeast-Fryslân -1.4
Noord-Beveland -6.7
Noordenveld 0.0
Noordoostpolder -4.0
Noordwijk -4.0
Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten -4.0
Nunspeet -3.4
Oegstgeest 1.1
Oirschot 4.5
Oisterwijk 2.7
Oldambt 4.6
Oldebroek -3.5
Oldenzaal -3.3
Olst-Wijhe -5.3
Ommen -1.0
Oost Gelre -5.2
Oosterhout -1.1
Ooststellingwerf -3.2
Oostzaan -3.3
Opmeer 3.5
Opsterland 0.0
Oss -3.2
Oude IJsselstreek -5.9
Ouder-Amstel -7.3
Oudewater -4.0
Overbetuwe 0.9
Papendrecht 4.4
Peel en Maas -0.4
Pekela -2.3
Pijnacker-Nootdorp -5.9
Purmerend -2.6
Putten -4.3
Raalte -5.2
Reimerswaal 2.2
Renkum -1.4
Renswoude -9.1
Reusel-De Mierden -3.4
Rheden -1.0
Rhenen -6.3
Ridderkerk -5.1
Rijssen-Holten -1.5
Rijswijk (ZH.) -1.3
Roerdalen -8.1
Roermond -5.2
Roosendaal -5.1
Rotterdam -2.9
Rucphen -0.9
Schagen -0.7
Scherpenzeel 0.0
Schiedam -2.5
Schiermonnikoog 6.7
Schouwen-Duiveland -2.7
's-Gravenhage (gemeente) -2.1
's-Hertogenbosch -1.7
Simpelveld -7.3
Sint-Michielsgestel 5.0
Sittard-Geleen -3.2
Sliedrecht 2.2
Sluis -5.0
Smallingerland -1.0
Soest -5.1
Someren -7.9
Son en Breugel -1.9
Stadskanaal -4.5
Staphorst 3.2
Stede Broec -3.8
Steenbergen 3.1
Steenwijkerland -8.5
Stein (L.) -5.3
Stichtse Vecht -4.9
Súdwest-Fryslân 0.7
Terneuzen -2.6
Terschelling -8.1
Texel -1.1
Teylingen 1.4
Tholen 0.0
Tiel -4.3
Tilburg -2.6
Tubbergen 0.0
Twenterand -3.0
Tynaarlo -2.6
Tytsjerksteradiel 2.2
Uitgeest -10.9
Uithoorn -7.1
Urk -2.7
Utrecht (gemeente) -0.8
Utrechtse Heuvelrug -0.9
Vaals -2.9
Valkenburg aan de Geul 1.0
Valkenswaard -9.7
Veendam 3.0
Veenendaal -1.1
Veere -1.7
Veldhoven -2.7
Velsen 1.0
Venlo -0.5
Venray -3.6
Vijfheerenlanden 4.3
Vlaardingen -1.0
Vlieland 0.0
Vlissingen -2.0
Voerendaal -4.2
Voorne aan Zee -0.6
Voorschoten -2.9
Voorst -1.8
Vught -8.4
Waadhoeke -5.9
Waalre -3.2
Waalwijk -4.4
Waddinxveen 1.8
Wageningen 1.9
Wassenaar -2.2
Waterland -3.6
Weert -2.1
West Betuwe 0.5
West Maas en Waal -8.3
Westerkwartier -3.5
Westerveld -1.3
Westervoort 0.0
Westerwolde -2.1
Westland -3.5
Weststellingwerf -0.7
Wierden -2.7
Wijchen 0.5
Wijdemeren -1.1
Wijk bij Duurstede 1.1
Winterswijk -5.2
Woensdrecht -8.3
Woerden -4.0
Wormerland 0.0
Woudenberg -7.1
Zaanstad -4.0
Zaltbommel -5.8
Zandvoort 0.0
Zeewolde -2.2
Zeist -1.3
Zevenaar -4.2
Zoetermeer 0.5
Zoeterwoude -2.4
Zuidplas 0.0
Zundert 8.4
Zutphen 2.1
Zwartewaterland -4.6
Zwijndrecht -3.3
Zwolle -1.7
Rozendaal 0.0
*Provisional figures

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* provisional figure
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