Edition 2023

Foto omschrijving: A teenager playing his guitar in a living room that was originally a small church.

What are the major religions?

In 2022, 43 percent of the Dutch population aged 15 years or older said they belonged to a faith community such as a church, mosque or synagogue. This is nearly the same percentage as in the previous year. The largest group – 18 percent – said they were Catholic, followed by Protestants (13 percent) and Muslims (6 percent).

57,2% Geen No religion 18,2% RK Roman Catholicism 13,2% Protestant Protestantism 5,9% Anders Other 5,6% Islam Islam Welk geloof hangen we aan? What are the major religions?

Twelve percent of the population over 15 years old said they attend a religious service on a regular basis, i.e. at least once a month. Of the main religious groups, Catholics went to church least often; just over one in ten attended a church service regularly. For Protestants this was just over half, while just under four in ten Muslims went to the mosque at least once a month.

Although involvement of Dutch people in religious communities has been stable in the last year, viewed over a longer period it can be seen to be waning.

People identifying with a religious denomination or belief system (% of people aged 15 years and over)
Jaartal None Catholic faith Protestant faith Islam Other
2012 46.2 25.6 17.2 4.5 6.5
2013 46.2 26.4 16.8 4.7 5.9
2014 47.5 25.4 16.5 4.7 5.9
2015 48.2 25.3 15.4 4.6 6.5
2016 49.7 24.1 15.6 5.1 5.5
2017 50.7 23.6 15.0 5.1 5.6
2018 52.2 22.3 16.1 5.0 4.4
2019 54.5 20.2 14.9 5.0 5.4
2020 55.4 19.8 14.4 5.1 5.2
2021 57.5 18.3 13.6 4.6 6.1
2022 57.2 18.2 13.2 5.6 5.9

Loyal churchgoers also follow services remotely

Fifteen percent of regular church and mosque-goers in 2022 said they had followed a service on television, radio or the internet. Nearly half of people who attend a religious service at least weekly also followed a service via one of these channels at least once a week. Many of them watched TV and online services in addition to actually attending church or mosque, and not as a substitute for live attendance.

South of the Netherlands still mainly Catholic

Over 60 percent of people in the province of Limburg and over 40 percent in Noord-Brabant say they are Catholic. In only a small area, Noord-Overijssel, is a substantial part of the population (40 percent) Protestant.

The region Oost-Groningen has the smallest population share who say they belong to a religious group, just over 30 percent.

Religious denomination or belief system, 2012 tot 2022
Regio Religious denomination
Oost-Groningen (CR) 31.4
Delfzijl en omgeving (CR) 40.5
Other Groningen (CR) 35.6
Noord-Friesland (CR) 43.4
Zuidwest-Friesland (CR) 47.1
Zuidoost-Friesland (CR) 37.5
Noord-Drenthe (CR) 32.3
Zuidoost-Drenthe (CR) 39.3
Zuidwest-Drenthe (CR) 42.4
Noord-Overijssel (CR) 58.7
Zuidwest-Overijssel (CR) 47.3
Twente (CR) 55.6
Veluwe (CR) 57.2
Achterhoek (CR) 52.2
Arnhem/Nijmegen (CR) 47.6
Zuidwest-Gelderland (CR) 54.0
Utrecht (CR) 45.3
Kop van Noord-Holland (CR) 37.8
Alkmaar en omgeving (CR) 34.9
IJmond (CR) 37.4
Agglomeratie Haarlem (CR) 31.9
Zaanstreek (CR) 32.6
Groot-Amsterdam (CR) 37.7
Het Gooi en Vechtstreek (CR) 36.7
Agglomeratie Leiden en Bollenstreek (CR) 47.7
Agglomeratie 's-Gravenhage (CR) 47.4
Delft en Westland (CR) 46.7
Oost-Zuid-Holland (CR) 52.0
Groot-Rijnmond (CR) 46.6
Zuidoost-Zuid-Holland (CR) 50.7
Zeeuwsch-Vlaanderen (CR) 58.5
Overig Zeeland (CR) 51.6
West-Noord-Brabant (CR) 57.5
Midden-Noord-Brabant (CR) 60.4
Noordoost-Noord-Brabant (CR) 61.0
Zuidoost-Noord-Brabant (CR) 60.3
Noord-Limburg (CR) 69.4
Midden-Limburg (CR) 70.3
Zuid-Limburg (CR) 69.7
Flevoland (CR) 46.3


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Explanation of symbols

Explanation of symbols

Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
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Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

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Concept & image editor

Irene van Kuik, Janneke Hendriks, Richard Jollie

With thanks to Hendrik Zuidhoek


Annelie Hakkenes (final editing)

Elma Wobma (general project leader)

Erik van den Berg

Gert Jan Wijma

Karolien van Wijk

Michel van Kooten

Paul de Winden

Saskia Stavenuiter

Sidney Vergouw


Gabriëlle de Vet, Lieneke Hoeksma, Frans Dinnissen


Ronald van der Bie

We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition.