Edition 2023

Foto omschrijving: Two cats relaxing on a computer desk, making the work enjoyable but impossible.

In what occupations do most people work from home?

In 2022, 98 percent of financial specialists and economists in the Netherlands occasionally or usually worked from home. Slightly fewer writers and linguists, and policy advisors – just over 96 percent – said they worked from home sometimes or most of the time. Out of all occupations included in the survey, writers reported ‘usually’ working from home the most.

In welke beroepen werken de meeste mensen thuis? In what occupations do most people work from home? 50,8% 46,8% Werkt soms thuisSometimes work from home Werkt meestal thuisMostly work from home Auteurs entaalkundigenAuthors and linguists 69,7% 26,6% BeleidsadviseursPolicy advisors 45,2% 51,1% Software- enapplicatieontwikkelaarsSoftware and application developers 56,4% 39,5%

In 2022 5.1 million Dutch people worked from home occasionally or most of the time. This is over half the working population. Most of them (3.3 million) occasionally worked from home, the remainder usually did so. Overall, slightly more people worked from home in 2022 than in 2021 (+72 thousand), with more people sometimes, and fewer usually working from home.

Working from home (million employed persons)
Thuiswerken 2022 2021
Usually 1.746 2.112
Sometimes 3.324 2.886

Not all jobs can be done from home

Nearly 4.5 million people did not work from home at all, usually because of the work their job entails. People working in transport or logistics, for example, and in the services sector. A small proportion said they did not work from home because they preferred to go to their place of work. Managers, people in working in ICT or in business-related and administrative occupations reported this slightly more than average. Other reasons were mentioned by very few people. For example, unsuitable home situation, or opposition from employers, customers, or clients.

Dutch workers have highest working-from-home rate

More people work from home in the Netherlands than in any other country in the European Union: in 2021 more than half of people with a job sometimes or usually worked from home. The high rate is based on the relatively large number of workers who occasionally work from home. Other countries where working from home is popular – Ireland, Luxembourg and Sweden, for example – have relatively higher numbers of workers who usually work from home.

Working from home, 2021 (%)
Land Usually Sometimes
Netherlands 22.8 31.2
Sweden 27.3 19.0
Luxembourg 28.3 17.0
Finland 25.1 16.2
Belgium 26.4 13.7
Ireland 31.9 7.4
Denmark 18.3 17.8
France 17.2 17.2
Malta 15.0 14.2
Austria 16.1 12.6
Estonia 14.8 11.2
Portugal 14.4 11.4
Germany 17.1 7.7
European Union 13.5 10.6
Slovenia 10.8 12.3
Spain 9.6 5.9
Poland 7.0 8.5
Slovakia 6.7 8.4
Italy 8.3 6.6
Greece 6.6 8.2
Czechia 7.3 7.3
Lituania 9.2 5.1
Latvia 11.1 2.6
Hungary 4.7 8.8
Croatia 4.7 8.7
Cyprus 6.6 6.0
Romania 2.4 4.2
Bulgaria 2.8 3.7


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Irene van Kuik, Janneke Hendriks, Richard Jollie

With thanks to Hendrik Zuidhoek


Annelie Hakkenes (final editing)

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Saskia Stavenuiter

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Gabriëlle de Vet, Lieneke Hoeksma, Frans Dinnissen


Ronald van der Bie

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