Edition 2023

Foto omschrijving: Construction worker raising a solar panel onto the roof.

How much of the energy we consume is renewable?

Fifteen percent of energy used in the Netherlands in 2022 came from sustainable or renewable sources. This was up from 13 percent in 2021. Use of solar and wind power in particular was higher in this period. Energy generated from biomass, by contrast, decreased.

Welk deel van ons energieverbruik was duurzaam? How much of the energy we consume is renewable? Overig Other 2021 6,3 3,4 2,1 0,8 0,3 6,0 4,2 3,3 1,1 0,4% 2022 Warmtepompen Heat pumps Zonne-energieSolar energy WindenergieWind energy BiomassaBiomass

Renewable energynoot1 is generated from replenishable natural resources: wind, water, sun and biomass, for example. Energy produced from these sustainable sources does not harm the environment in the long term. Natural gas, oil, coal, and nuclear energy are not classified as renewable energy, as they use up resources that cannot be replenished.

Dutch renewable energy consumption amounted to 277 PJ (petajoules) in 2022, 6 percent more than in the previous year. One petajoule is the equivalent of the total energy use of around 23 thousand homes in 2022.

Share of renewables in total energy consumption (%)
Jaartal Biomass Wind energy Solar energy Heat pumps Other Statistical transfers¹⁾
2022* 5.96 4.20 3.34 1.11 0.39 0.00
2021** 6.32 3.42 2.12 0.81 0.33 0.00
2020 6.20 2.58 1.68 0.67 0.34 2.53
2019 5.22 1.87 0.99 0.53 0.28 .
2018 4.37 1.71 0.69 0.43 0.19 .
2017 3.90 1.65 0.43 0.36 0.16 .
2016 3.61 1.44 0.33 0.31 0.15 .
2015 3.85 1.22 0.25 0.28 0.13 .
* Provisional figures
** Revised provisional figures
¹⁾ Imported renewable energy

Number of new solar panels up again

Forty-six percent more solar power was used in 2022 than in 2021. Not only did the number of newly installed solar panels rise further, but 2022 was also a very sunny year. The Royal Netherlands Metrological Institute (KNMI) measured the highest number of sunshine hours since records began in 1901.

At the end of 2022, the total capacity of installed solar panels in the Netherlands was more than 19 thousand MW (megawatts), 28 percent more than twelve months previously. This is more than the total capacity of all power stations combined (17 thousand MW). In spite of this, power stations produced over three times more electricity than solar panels, as the sun does not always shine.

Substantial increase in wind energy

In addition to the increase in solar power, use of wind energy also increased, by 13 percent compared with one year earlier. A total 78 PJ of wind energy was used. This is nearly the same amount as the combined electricity consumption of all homes in the Netherlands in 2022.

At the end of 2022, the total capacity of wind turbines was nearly 9 thousand MW, 14 percent up on twelve months earlier. The increase was mainly the result of new onshore wind capacity; new offshore turbines accounted for only 10 percent of the capacity increase.

Installed electricity capacity, 2022* (megawatts (MW))
Provincie Solar energy Onshore wind energy
Noord-Brabant 3323 312
Gelderland 2460 235
Zuid-Holland 2084 784
Noord-Holland 1825 755
Overijssel 1624 74
Limburg 1485 119
Groningen 1344 843
Drenthe 1337 247
Fryslân 1026 619
Utrecht 1009 34
Flevoland 878 1667
Zeeland 728 573
*Provisional figures

Use of biomass declining

Biomassnoot2 is organic material such as wood and wood chips, manure, food and garden waste, and crop residues. This material is combusted or fermented to generate energy. Biomass usenoot3 fell by 13 percent in 2022, partly because one quarter less biomass was cofired in power plants.


Renewable energy

Energy from renewable non-fossil sources – wind, sun, heat from ground, air, and surface water, hydropower and ocean energy, biomass, landfill gas, sewage gas and biogases.


Matter from recently living plants or animals used to generate energy. For example, wood, manure and food-processing waste.

Use of biomass

Sustainability criteria for solid biomass apply to power plants with a thermal input capacity of more than 20 MW. For biogas, criteria apply to installations with over 2 MW capacity. The new guideline came into effect on 1 July 2021. Biomass used in lower-capacity power plants is included in its entirety.

Different sustainability criteria are applicable for liquid biomass. Automotive biofuels (biodiesel and bio-petrol) have their own sustainability criteria. No criteria apply for waste incineration plants.


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Explanation of symbols

Explanation of symbols

Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

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Concept & image editor

Irene van Kuik, Janneke Hendriks, Richard Jollie

With thanks to Hendrik Zuidhoek


Annelie Hakkenes (final editing)

Elma Wobma (general project leader)

Erik van den Berg

Gert Jan Wijma

Karolien van Wijk

Michel van Kooten

Paul de Winden

Saskia Stavenuiter

Sidney Vergouw


Gabriëlle de Vet, Lieneke Hoeksma, Frans Dinnissen


Ronald van der Bie

We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition.