Edition 2022

Foto omschrijving: A woman at a supermarket checkout wearing a face mask.

Who are most likely to work part-time?

In 2021, nearly half of the working population of 9.3 million people aged 15 to 74 had a part-time job. Of all occupations, retail checkout assistants, carers and pharmacy assistants were the most likely not to have full-time jobs. Women work part-time more often than men. Young people, especially those still in education, and the over-65s are more likely to work part-time than the other age groups.

Wie werken het vaakst in deeltijd?Who are most likely to work part-time?89%Apothekers-assistentenPharmacy assistants91%VerzorgendenCarers94%Kassa-medewerkersRetail checkout assistants82%Leidsterskinderopvang enonderwijsassistentenChildcare workers and teaching assistants78%MedischpraktijkassistentenMedical practice assistants79%Kelners enbarpersoneelWaiters and bar staff
78%Verkoop-medewerkersdetailhandelRetail sales assistants77%Sociaal werkers,groeps- enwoonbegeleidersSocial workers, group and residential counsellors87%Verpleegkundigen(mbo)Nurses (MBO)86%KeukenhulpenKitchen assistants78%Laders, lossers en vakkenvullersLoaders, unloaders and shelf stackers83%SchoonmakersCleaners

Part-time work means paid work up to 35 hours a week. Among all employed, 48 percent were working part-time. In 2021, 70 percent of women were working part-time, against 28 percent of men. Over three quarters of all employed 15 to 24‑year-olds were working part-time. Moreover, 87 percent of employed students and pupils had a part-time job. Similar to young people, about three quarters of all 65 to 74‑year-olds in employment worked part-time.

Part-time workers, 15 to 74 years, 2021 (%)
Total 48
Men 28
Women 70
15-24 yrs 76
of whom .
in education 87
not in education 50
25-34 yrs 37
35-44 yrs 42
45-54 yrs 41
55-64 yrs 48
65-74 yrs 74

Most part-time jobs in health care and in accommodation and food services

The percentage of part-time workers is highest in the health care and welfare sector, the education sector and the accommodation and food services sector. Jobs in industries with the highest percentage of part-time employees are often held by women. In 2021, a relatively high share of women worked in care and education, at 82 and 64 percent respectively. Forty-seven percent of the active labour force were women.

The high number of part-time workers in the accommodation and food services sector is associated with the high number of young people. Sixteen percent of the active labour force were 15 to 24 years old. In the accommodation and food services this number was 52 percent. The information and communication, energy supply and construction sectors have the lowest percentage of part-time workers.

Part-time workers by sector, 2021 (%)
Total 48
Health care and welfare 74
Accommodation and food services 67
Education 59
Other services 56
Trade 55
Real estate activities 39
Transportation and storage 37
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 37
Specialised business services 36
Public administration
and public services
Financial services 28
Manufacturing 28
Water companies
and waste management
Information and communication 25
Energy supply 21
Construction 19

Retail checkout assistants most likely to work part-time

CBS distinguishes 114 occupational groups. The occupational group with the highest percentage of part-time workers is that of retail checkout assistants. Among all retail checkout assistants, 94 percent worked part-time; 86 percent were women and 78 percent were younger than 25. Occupations within health care with a high percentage of part-time workers include carers and nurses (MBO). Kitchen assistants, waiters and bar staff relatively often work part-time within the accommodation and food services sector.

The questions


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. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
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(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
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Irene van Kuik


Hendrik Zuidhoek

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie


Gert Jan Wijma

Karolien van Wijk

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Ronald van der Bie

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Gabriëlle de Vet

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Final editor

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We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in numbers.