Who are most likely to work part-time?
In 2021, nearly half of the working population of 9.3 million people aged 15 to 74 had a part-time job. Of all occupations, retail checkout assistants, carers and pharmacy assistants were the most likely not to have full-time jobs. Women work part-time more often than men. Young people, especially those still in education, and the over-65s are more likely to work part-time than the other age groups.
Part-time work means paid work up to 35 hours a week. Among all employed, 48 percent were working part-time. In 2021, 70 percent of women were working part-time, against 28 percent of men. Over three quarters of all employed 15 to 24‑year-olds were working part-time. Moreover, 87 percent of employed students and pupils had a part-time job. Similar to young people, about three quarters of all 65 to 74‑year-olds in employment worked part-time.
|not in education||50|
Most part-time jobs in health care and in accommodation and food services
The percentage of part-time workers is highest in the health care and welfare sector, the education sector and the accommodation and food services sector. Jobs in industries with the highest percentage of part-time employees are often held by women. In 2021, a relatively high share of women worked in care and education, at 82 and 64 percent respectively. Forty-seven percent of the active labour force were women.
The high number of part-time workers in the accommodation and food services sector is associated with the high number of young people. Sixteen percent of the active labour force were 15 to 24 years old. In the accommodation and food services this number was 52 percent. The information and communication, energy supply and construction sectors have the lowest percentage of part-time workers.
|Health care and welfare||74|
|Accommodation and food services||67|
|Real estate activities||39|
|Transportation and storage||37|
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||37|
|Specialised business services||36|
and public services
and waste management
|Information and communication||25|
Retail checkout assistants most likely to work part-time
CBS distinguishes 114 occupational groups. The occupational group with the highest percentage of part-time workers is that of retail checkout assistants. Among all retail checkout assistants, 94 percent worked part-time; 86 percent were women and 78 percent were younger than 25. Occupations within health care with a high percentage of part-time workers include carers and nurses (MBO). Kitchen assistants, waiters and bar staff relatively often work part-time within the accommodation and food services sector.
StatLine – Employed labour force; economic activity (SIC 2008), 2003–2022
StatLine – Labour participation; key figures, 2003–2022
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