Edition 2021

Foto omschrijving: Muslim women posing for pictures among the tulips at Keukenhof

Which flower bulbs are most common?

Tulips and lilies are the most commonly grown flower bulbs, followed by narcissi, hyacinths and gladioli. In 2021, Dutch farmers cultivated flower bulbs on 27.3 thousand hectares of land. Cultivation of flower bulbs in the open air in the period 2000–2014 was around 23 thousand ha. The area under cultivation increased by almost 4 thousand ha in the years thereafter. This growth has ceased over the last three years.

Which flower bulbs are most common?5,810 haLilies14,450 haTulips1,450 haHyacinths1,480 haNarcissi3,180 haOther890 haGladioli

The growth of the acreage after 2015 was due to the expansion of the cultivation of tulips. The acreage of tulips increased by 2.3 thousand ha in the period 2015–2021. In recent years, the area under tulip cultivation has accounted for about half of the total surface area devoted to flower bulbs. In 2021, the acreage of open-ground tulips amounted to 14.5 thousand ha; 53 percent of the total flower bulb area. Lilies account for over one-fifth of the acreage.

Fewer gladioli

The flower bulb sector has been specialising in lilies and tulips for many years now. The acreage of lilies increased from 1.1 thousand ha in 1980 to 5.8 thousand ha in 2021; the acreage of tulips increased from 6.3 thousand ha (1980) to 14.5 thousand ha (2021). The acreage of gladioli had decreased by nearly two-thirds in 2021 compared to 1980; the acreage of narcissi remained at 1.5 thousand ha.

Flower bulb cultivation area (1,000 ha)
Tulips Lilies Hyacinths Narcissi Gladioli Irises
1980 6.3 1.1 0.8 1.5 2.4 .
1981 6.4 1.2 0.8 1.5 2.3 .
1982 6.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 2.2 .
1983 6.0 1.5 0.9 1.5 2.0 0.9
1984 6.0 1.6 0.9 1.5 2.1 1.0
1985 6.6 1.5 1.0 1.6 1.9 1.0
1986 6.8 1.5 1.0 1.6 2.2 0.9
1987 7.1 1.8 0.9 1.6 2.5 0.9
1988 7.1 2.0 0.9 1.6 2.2 0.9
1989 7.0 2.3 1.0 1.7 2.3 0.9
1990 6.8 2.4 1.0 1.7 2.0 0.8
1991 7.0 2.5 0.9 1.6 2.2 0.8
1992 7.2 2.7 0.9 1.5 2.1 0.8
1993 7.3 3.0 0.9 1.4 1.8 0.8
1994 7.5 3.1 0.9 1.3 1.9 0.7
1995 8.0 3.3 1.0 1.4 1.8 0.7
1996 8.7 3.3 1.1 1.5 1.6 0.7
1997 9.4 3.4 1.1 1.5 1.7 0.7
1998 10.0 3.8 1.2 1.6 1.9 0.7
1999 10.1 4.5 1.2 1.8 2.0 0.7
2000 9.7 5.1 1.1 1.8 1.6 0.7
2001 10.1 5.0 1.2 1.9 1.5 0.6
2002 10.6 5.1 1.2 2.0 1.5 0.7
2003 11.0 4.9 1.2 2.0 1.3 0.6
2004 11.0 4.5 1.1 1.8 1.4 0.6
2005 10.6 4.3 1.3 1.8 1.4 0.5
2006 10.4 4.9 1.3 1.9 1.3 0.5
2007 10.7 5.0 1.3 1.8 1.4 0.4
2008 11.4 5.0 1.4 2.0 1.2 0.4
2009 11.7 4.3 1.4 1.9 1.1 0.4
2010 11.4 4.7 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.3
2011 11.9 5.1 1.5 1.8 1.2 0.3
2012 11.3 5.1 1.5 1.8 1.1 0.3
2013 11.4 4.9 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.3
2014 11.4 5.2 1.5 1.7 1.0 0.3
2015 12.2 5.8 1.5 1.7 0.9 0.3
2016 13.2 6.1 1.5 1.6 0.9 0.3
2017 13.4 6.4 1.4 1.5 1.0 0.2
2018 14.2 6.4 1.4 1.5 1.0 0.2
2019 14.4 6.0 1.4 1.4 0.8 0.2
2020 14.9 5.3 1.4 1.5 0.8 0.1
2021* 14.5 5.8 1.5 1.5 0.9 0.2

Bulb farmers

The increase in scale in flower bulb cultivation continues year on year. The number of farms specialised in flower bulb cultivation has decreased by more than 40 percent since 2000; from 2.7 thousand (2000) to 1.6 thousand (2021). The area under bulb cultivation grew from 22.5 thousand ha in 2000 to 27.3 thousand ha in 2021. The average bulb grower now has more than 17 hectares of flower bulbs, which is 2.1 times as much as in 2000.

Bulb-growing areas

Flower bulb cultivation is strongly clustered on a regional basis. More than 1,000 ha of bulbs have been planted in nine municipalities: Den Helder, Hollands Kroon, Schagen, Medemblik, Midden-Drenthe, Noordoostpolder, Noordwijk, Drechterland and Koggenland. The largest continuous bulb-growing area is in the north of the province of Noord-Holland. In 2020, 28 percent of all flower bulbs (acreage) were planted in the municipalities of Hollands Kroon, Schagen and Den Helder, collectively known as the northern bulb region.

Flower bulb cultivation per municipality, 2020
Gemeentenaam Acreage (ha)
Hollands Kroon 3608.9
Noordoostpolder 2714.1
Schagen 2632.5
Den Helder 1362.5
Medemblik 1258.6
Midden-Drenthe 1198.2
Noordwijk 1179.9
Koggenland 1159.3
Drechterland 1010.8
Goeree-Overflakkee 913.2
Stede Broec 699.4
Dronten 558.5
Zeewolde 525.0
Bergen (NH.) 521.8
Hillegom 433.5
Teylingen 406.2
Westerveld 378.8
Texel 359.7
Lisse 338.7
Hardenberg 328.4
Venray 303.8
Leudal 193.0
Haarlemmermeer 183.5
Alkmaar 180.4
De Fryske Marren 176.7
Horst aan de Maas 173.3
Heerhugowaard 165.7
Opmeer 161.6
Borger-Odoorn 159.2
Het Hogeland 141.1
Peel en Maas 134.2
Weststellingwerf 133.4
Sint Anthonis 121.8
Heerenveen 120.9
Coevorden 118.0
Weert 117.6
Dalfsen 106.8
Lelystad 106.6
Hulst 103.4
Westerwolde 93.0
Roosendaal 90.0
Castricum 88.1
Twenterand 85.0
Landerd 73.9
Nederweert 63.9
Boekel 60.5
Waadhoeke 54.8
Tholen 53.9
Enkhuizen 53.2
Heemskerk 52.1
Steenwijkerland 51.1
Sint-Michielsgestel 49.9
Súdwest-Fryslân 49.4
Deurne 48.6
Aalsmeer 48.0
Bergen (L.) 45.0
Putten 44.9
Borsele 43.1
Delfzijl 43.1
Aalten 42.7
Raalte 41.0
Mill en Sint Hubert 40.9
Uden 40.6
Loppersum 39.1
Doetinchem 38.8
Zundert 36.7
Boxmeer 35.7
Bloemendaal 34.2
Steenbergen 32.1
Heiloo 31.4
Emmen 30.0
Noordenveld 28.3
Zevenaar 27.9
Bronckhorst 27.3
Ede 23.8
Ommen 23.3
Beemster 22.4
Cranendonck 22.4
Deventer 22.3
s-Hertogenbosch 21.9
Goes 21.2
Sluis 21.0
Hoeksche Waard 20.8
Oldambt 20.6
Roerdalen 20.0
Heerde 19.8
Meierijstad 18.3
Someren 16.9
Hilvarenbeek 16.6
Echt-Susteren 16.4
Harlingen 16.1
Oude IJsselstreek 15.9
Moerdijk 15.1
Winterswijk 15.0
Gemert-Bakel 14.6
Bergen op Zoom 13.8
Beverwijk 13.0
Schouwen-Duiveland 12.7
Oost Gelre 12.5
Eijsden-Margraten 12.1
Beesel 12.0
Almere 11.6
Westerkwartier 11.5
Gennep 11.4
Kaag en Braassem 11.2
Noardeast-Fryslân 10.9
Almelo 10.8
Maasdriel 10.8
Tubbergen 10.0
Hoorn 9.8
Woensdrecht 9.4
Rucphen 9.2
Apeldoorn 9.0
Best 8.8
Kapelle 8.6
Eersel 8.1
Wormerland 8.1
Nieuwkoop 7.2
Velsen 7.1
Zaltbommel 6.7
Bernheze 6.5
Epe 6.5
Opsterland 6.4
Aa en Hunze 6.3
Reimerswaal 6.3
Halderberge 5.5
Hellendoorn 5.4
Oisterwijk 5.3
Urk 5.3
Woudenberg 5.1
Hof van Twente 4.5
Utrechtse Heuvelrug 4.3
Oirschot 4.1
Etten-Leur 3.9
Barneveld 3.6
Middelburg (Z.) 3.5
Rijssen-Holten 3.1
De Wolden 3.1
Kampen 3.0
Voorst 3.0
Baarle-Nassau 2.8
Ooststellingwerf 2.8
Meppel 2.7
West Betuwe 2.6
Assen 2.4
Breda 2.4
Berkelland 1.8
Westland 1.8
Veere 1.2
Uithoorn 1.1
Voorschoten 1.1
Neder-Betuwe 0.9
Midden-Groningen 0.8
Tynaarlo 0.8
Leidschendam-Voorburg 0.7
Vlissingen 0.7
Scherpenzeel 0.5
Katwijk 0.4
Reusel-De Mierden 0.4
Valkenswaard 0.4
Wageningen 0.2
Maastricht 0.1
Stichtse Vecht 0.1
Achtkarspelen 0.0
Alblasserdam 0.0
Albrandswaard 0.0
Alphen aan den Rijn 0.0
Alphen-Chaam 0.0
Altena 0.0
Ameland 0.0
Amersfoort 0.0
Amstelveen 0.0
Amsterdam 0.0
Appingedam 0.0
Arnhem 0.0
Asten 0.0
Baarn 0.0
Barendrecht 0.0
Beek (L.) 0.0
Beekdaelen 0.0
Berg en Dal 0.0
Bergeijk 0.0
Beuningen 0.0
De Bilt 0.0
Bladel 0.0
Blaricum 0.0
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 0.0
Borne 0.0
Boxtel 0.0
Brielle 0.0
Brummen 0.0
Brunssum 0.0
Bunnik 0.0
Bunschoten 0.0
Buren 0.0
Capelle aan den IJssel 0.0
Cuijk 0.0
Culemborg 0.0
Dantumadiel 0.0
Delft 0.0
Diemen 0.0
Dinkelland 0.0
Doesburg 0.0
Dongen 0.0
Dordrecht 0.0
Drimmelen 0.0
Druten 0.0
Duiven 0.0
Edam-Volendam 0.0
Eemnes 0.0
Eindhoven 0.0
Elburg 0.0
Enschede 0.0
Ermelo 0.0
Geertruidenberg 0.0
Geldrop-Mierlo 0.0
Gilze en Rijen 0.0
Goirle 0.0
Gooise Meren 0.0
Gorinchem 0.0
Gouda 0.0
Grave 0.0
s-Gravenhage (gemeente) 0.0
Groningen (gemeente) 0.0
Gulpen-Wittem 0.0
Haaksbergen 0.0
Haaren 0.0
Haarlem 0.0
Harderwijk 0.0
Hardinxveld-Giessendam 0.0
Hattem 0.0
Heemstede 0.0
Heerlen 0.0
Heeze-Leende 0.0
Hellevoetsluis 0.0
Helmond 0.0
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 0.0
Hengelo (O.) 0.0
Heumen 0.0
Heusden 0.0
Hilversum 0.0
Hoogeveen 0.0
Houten 0.0
Huizen 0.0
IJsselstein 0.0
Kerkrade 0.0
Krimpen aan den IJssel 0.0
Krimpenerwaard 0.0
Laarbeek 0.0
Landgraaf 0.0
Landsmeer 0.0
Langedijk 0.0
Lansingerland 0.0
Laren (NH.) 0.0
Leeuwarden 0.0
Leiden 0.0
Leiderdorp 0.0
Leusden 0.0
Lingewaard 0.0
Lochem 0.0
Loon op Zand 0.0
Lopik 0.0
Losser 0.0
Maasgouw 0.0
Maassluis 0.0
Meerssen 0.0
Midden-Delfland 0.0
Molenlanden 0.0
Montferland 0.0
Montfoort 0.0
Mook en Middelaar 0.0
Nieuwegein 0.0
Nijkerk 0.0
Nijmegen 0.0
Nissewaard 0.0
Noord-Beveland 0.0
Nuenen Gerwen en Nederwetten 0.0
Nunspeet 0.0
Oegstgeest 0.0
Oldebroek 0.0
Oldenzaal 0.0
Olst-Wijhe 0.0
Oosterhout 0.0
Oostzaan 0.0
Oss 0.0
Ouder-Amstel 0.0
Oudewater 0.0
Overbetuwe 0.0
Papendrecht 0.0
Pekela 0.0
Pijnacker-Nootdorp 0.0
Purmerend 0.0
Renkum 0.0
Renswoude 0.0
Rheden 0.0
Rhenen 0.0
Ridderkerk 0.0
Rijswijk (ZH.) 0.0
Roermond 0.0
De Ronde Venen 0.0
Rotterdam 0.0
Rozendaal 0.0
Schiedam 0.0
Schiermonnikoog 0.0
Simpelveld 0.0
Sittard-Geleen 0.0
Sliedrecht 0.0
Smallingerland 0.0
Soest 0.0
Son en Breugel 0.0
Stadskanaal 0.0
Staphorst 0.0
Stein (L.) 0.0
Terneuzen 0.0
Terschelling 0.0
Tiel 0.0
Tilburg 0.0
Tytsjerksteradiel 0.0
Uitgeest 0.0
Utrecht (gemeente) 0.0
Vaals 0.0
Valkenburg aan de Geul 0.0
Veendam 0.0
Veenendaal 0.0
Veldhoven 0.0
Venlo 0.0
Vijfheerenlanden 0.0
Vlaardingen 0.0
Vlieland 0.0
Voerendaal 0.0
Vught 0.0
Waalre 0.0
Waalwijk 0.0
Waddinxveen 0.0
Wassenaar 0.0
Waterland 0.0
Weesp 0.0
West Maas en Waal 0.0
Westervoort 0.0
Westvoorne 0.0
Wierden 0.0
Wijchen 0.0
Wijdemeren 0.0
Wijk bij Duurstede 0.0
Woerden 0.0
Zaanstad 0.0
Zandvoort 0.0
Zeist 0.0
Zoetermeer 0.0
Zoeterwoude 0.0
Zuidplas 0.0
Zutphen 0.0
Zwartewaterland 0.0
Zwijndrecht 0.0
Zwolle 0.0

The questions

Colophon

This web publication was developed by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) in cooperation with Textcetera The Hague.
If you have a question or comment about this publication, please contact us.

Disclaimer and copyright

Cookies

On this website, CBS uses functional cookies on this website to allow proper functioning of the site. These cookies do not contain personal user data and have minimal or no consequences for your privacy. In addition, CBS uses analytical cookies to track visitor statistics, including the number of page views, which topics users are searching, and how visitors reach our website. The purpose is to gain insight into the functioning of the website in order to improve your user experience. We minimise traceability of visitors to our website as much as possible by anonymising the final octet (group of eight bits) of each IP address. These data are not shared with other parties. CBS does not use tracking cookies. Tracking cookies are cookies that track visitors during their browsing of other websites.

The functional and analytical cookies have minimal or no consequences for your privacy. In accordance with current regulations, these cookies may be placed without prior consent.

More information (in Dutch only): https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/telecommunicatie/vraag-en-antwoord/mag-een-website-ongevraagd-cookies-plaatsen

Explanation of symbols

Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

About CBS

CBS responds to developments in Dutch society by providing statistical information as facts that matter, and communicates on these facts with the outside world. In doing so, CBS offers insights into current developments in society and helps answer policy questions. Research at CBS is focused on broad trends in society and how these are interrelated.

CBS has offices in The Hague, Heerlen and Bonaire with altogether approximately 2,000 staff. A society-oriented working attitude is essential to CBS. CBS provides figures which are relevant to society. Every year, CBS publishes around 600 statistical studies. Virtually every day, CBS data and figures are communicated to the outside world via news releases, video messages and through social media. This results in some 50,000 articles per year in daily newspapers and on news sites.

For more information on CBS’s tasks, organisation and publications, go to cbs.nl/en-gb.

Contact

Should you have any questions or need more information, please contact us.

Contributors

Concept & image editor

Irene van Kuik

Infographics

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek

Editors

Ronald van der Bie

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Karolien van Wijk

Gert Jan Wijma

Translators

Frans Dinnissen

Gaby de Vet

Taalcentrum VU

Final editor

Elma Wobma

We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in numbers.