Edition 2021

Foto omschrijving: Teenage girl on her bed burying her face in a pillow

How many under-23s receive youth assistance?

Nearly 1 in 10 young people under the age of 23 received youth care in 2020, i.e. more than 429 thousand young people. This is the first time that the number of young people receiving youth care has fallen since youth care was decentralised in 2015 and placed under the responsibility of municipalities. Fewer young people started a youth care track in 2020 and completed tracks lasted longer on average.

How many under-23s receive youth assistance?only youth protection8,485total youth care429,215only juvenile rehabilitation3,975only youth assistance 374,905other41,850

In 2020, 429.2 thousand young people received youth care, more than 14.3 thousand fewer than in 2019. Of the various forms of youth care, the number of young people receiving youth assistancenoot1 fell from 431.0 thousand in 2019 to 416.7 thousand in 2020. The number of young people receiving youth protectionnoot2 remained more or less stable at 41.1 thousand in both years. The number of young people in a juvenile rehabilitation programmenoot3 dropped from 9.1 thousand in 2019 to 8.5 thousand in 2020. Young people can receive more than one form of youth care in a given year.

Youth care recipients (0-22 years) (x 1,000)
Jaar Youth care recipients
2015 380.1
2016 404.1
2017 419.6
2018 430.2
2019 443.6
2020* 429.2
*provisional figure

15 thousand fewer young people receiving outreach care

The largest decrease was in the number of young people receiving outreach youth assistance. With this form of care, young people live at home and receive help at the youth assistance provider’s location. In 2019, 291.5 thousand young people received this type of youth care; in 2020 this figure was 276.5 thousand. The number of young people in closed youth care, i.e. those permanently living in a closed department or location of a youth assistance provider, fell by nearly 20 percent, from 2.5 thousand in 2019 to 2 thousand in 2020.

Fewer care tracks started and concluded

At 263 thousand, the number of youth care tracks started in 2020 was more than 12 percent lower than in 2019. In particular, fewer new care tracks were started during the first wave of the coronavirus crisis (April and May) than in the same months of 2019. In 2020, not only were fewer care tracks started, but more than 10 thousand fewer youth care tracks were concluded than in 2019. The length of the concluded care tracks increased further in 2020 to an average of 413 days. In 2019, this stood at 385 days.

Relatively many young people receiving youth care in Central Limburg and East Groningen

In proportion to the total number of young people up to 22 years of age, most youth care is provided in municipalities in Central Limburg and East Groningen. There are multiple reasons for these regional differences. Socio-economic circumstances play a role, but also policy choices that municipalities make in arranging their youth care services.

Youth care recipients (0- 22 years), 2020*
Gemeente_naam Share of youth care recipients
's-Gravenhage 10.5
's-Hertogenbosch 9.3
AaenHunze 10.7
Aalsmeer 6.2
Aalten 9.1
Achtkarspelen 9.9
Alblasserdam 10.1
Albrandswaard 6.2
Alkmaar 10.4
Almelo 11
Almere 9.7
Alphen-Chaam 7.2
AlphenaandenRijn 12.8
Altena 8.5
Ameland 6.3
Amersfoort 9.1
Amstelveen 7.6
Amsterdam 10.1
Apeldoorn 9.6
Appingedam 11.5
Arnhem 9.8
Assen 14.4
Asten 6.8
Baarle-Nassau 6.2
Baarn 8.7
Barendrecht 7.6
Barneveld 8.5
Beek 12.1
Beekdaelen 11.8
Beemster 7.6
Beesel 12.2
Bergeijk 9.4
Bergen(L.) 8.4
Bergen(NH.) 7.7
BergenDal 9.1
BergenopZoom 11.1
Berkelland 8.9
Bernheze 9.2
Best 9.2
Beuningen 10.9
Beverwijk 10.4
Bladel 8.3
Blaricum 7.3
Bloemendaal 7.5
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 9.9
Boekel 7.5
Borger-Odoorn 11
Borne 8.6
Borsele 10.4
Boxmeer 9.7
Boxtel 8.9
Breda 8.5
Brielle 6.5
Bronckhorst 9.5
Brummen 9.4
Brunssum 12.8
Bunnik 7.4
Bunschoten 9.1
Buren 9.3
CapelleaandenIJssel 10.6
Castricum 7.2
Coevorden 9.1
Cranendonck 8.6
Cuijk 9.4
Culemborg 8
Dalfsen 8.4
Dantumadiel 8.7
DeBilt 7.8
DeFryskeMarren 7.7
Delft 9.4
Delfzijl 11.7
DenHelder 13.3
DeRondeVenen 6.3
Deurne 8.5
Deventer 9.1
DeWolden 9.1
Diemen 6.2
Dinkelland 6.8
Doesburg 11.2
Doetinchem 11
Dongen 11.5
Dordrecht 11.2
Drechterland 7.3
Drimmelen 8.2
Dronten 8.5
Druten 9.1
Duiven 10.1
Echt-Susteren 13.2
Edam-Volendam 5.7
Ede 8.5
Eemnes 9
Eersel 8.8
Eijsden-Margraten 10.5
Eindhoven 7.7
Elburg 7.1
Emmen 12
Enkhuizen 10.3
Enschede 9.3
Epe 8.2
Ermelo 10.4
Etten-Leur 9.6
Geertruidenberg 12.4
Geldrop-Mierlo 9.8
Gemert-Bakel 6.9
Gennep 10.2
GilzeenRijen 10.4
Goeree-Overflakkee 7.4
Goes 11.5
Goirle 10.5
GooiseMeren 8.4
Gorinchem 10.3
Gouda 12.3
Grave 10.5
Groningen 7.5
Gulpen-Wittem 9.7
Haaksbergen 8.5
Haaren 7.9
Haarlem 8.5
Haarlemmermeer 9.6
Halderberge 8.7
Hardenberg 9.7
Harderwijk 9.8
Hardinxveld-Giessendam 8.5
Harlingen 8.9
Hattem 7.5
Heemskerk 9.5
Heemstede 7.5
Heerde 15.6
Heerenveen 9.5
Heerhugowaard 10.9
Heerlen 13.3
Heeze-Leende 8
Heiloo 8.2
Hellendoorn 8.1
Hellevoetsluis 8.6
Helmond 7.9
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 10.6
Hengelo 9.8
HetHogeland 11.4
Heumen 8.1
Heusden 11.3
Hillegom 12.5
Hilvarenbeek 8.9
Hilversum 9.1
HoekscheWaard 9.4
HofvanTwente 8.6
HollandsKroon 11
Hoogeveen 11.7
Hoorn 10.6
HorstaandeMaas 9.7
Houten 8.7
Huizen 9.4
Hulst 10.7
IJsselstein 9.7
KaagenBraassem 12.4
Kampen 9
Kapelle 9.9
Katwijk 10.5
Kerkrade 13.6
Koggenland 8.9
KrimpenaandenIJssel 13.3
Krimpenerwaard 8.4
Laarbeek 6.2
Landerd 8.4
Landgraaf 13
Landsmeer 8.6
Langedijk 8.7
Lansingerland 8.5
Laren 7.6
Leeuwarden 10.9
Leiden 10.3
Leiderdorp 11.4
Leidschendam-Voorburg 9.3
Lelystad 10.8
Leudal 12.7
Leusden 8.3
Lingewaard 9.4
Lisse 11.4
Lochem 8.3
LoonopZand 10.8
Lopik 7.8
Loppersum 10.2
Losser 8.8
Maasdriel 9.4
Maasgouw 11.3
Maassluis 7.2
Maastricht 9.2
Medemblik 9.1
Meerssen 12.1
Meierijstad 8.3
Meppel 11.8
Middelburg 9.7
Midden-Delfland 6.5
Midden-Drenthe 11.2
Midden-Groningen 12.2
MillenSintHubert 7.4
Moerdijk 11
Molenlanden 9.7
Montferland 10.3
Montfoort 5.8
MookenMiddelaar 8
Neder-Betuwe 7.1
Nederweert 10.9
Nieuwegein 9.9
Nieuwkoop 9.5
Nijkerk 8.6
Nijmegen 8.2
Nissewaard 11.7
Noardeast-Fryslân 9.3
Noord-Beveland 9.8
Noordenveld 10.1
Noordoostpolder 8.9
Noordwijk 11.6
Nuenen,GerwenenNederwetten 7.4
Nunspeet 7.1
Oegstgeest 10.3
Oirschot 8.5
Oisterwijk 10.3
Oldambt 13.7
Oldebroek 7.6
Oldenzaal 8.7
Olst-Wijhe 8.2
Ommen 9.1
Oosterhout 9.5
OostGelre 11.2
Ooststellingwerf 9.8
Oostzaan 7.2
Opmeer 7.5
Opsterland 8.7
Oss 10.9
OudeIJsselstreek 10.9
Ouder-Amstel 7.6
Oudewater 8
Overbetuwe 10.4
Papendrecht 11.6
PeelenMaas 7.7
Pekela 13.1
Pijnacker-Nootdorp 9.3
Purmerend 8.5
Putten 9.8
Raalte 5.6
Reimerswaal 10.1
Renkum 12.4
Renswoude 6.9
Reusel-DeMierden 7.9
Rheden 12.2
Rhenen 6.5
Ridderkerk 7.9
Rijssen-Holten 9.1
Rijswijk 10.1
Roerdalen 13.6
Roermond 13
Roosendaal 10.5
Rotterdam 8.2
Rozendaal 8.5
Rucphen 10.7
Schagen 9.1
Scherpenzeel 8.1
Schiedam 6.2
Schiermonnikoog 8.9
Schouwen-Duiveland 9.2
Simpelveld 10.5
Sint-Michielsgestel 8.2
SintAnthonis 7.4
Sittard-Geleen 13.4
Sliedrecht 12.2
Sluis 9.1
Smallingerland 11.8
Soest 9
Someren 5.9
SonenBreugel 6.7
Stadskanaal 10.9
Staphorst 4.9
StedeBroec 10.5
Steenbergen 9.4
Steenwijkerland 9.3
Stein 11.7
StichtseVecht 7.8
Súdwest-Fryslân 9.2
Terneuzen 13.4
Terschelling 6.8
Texel 9
Teylingen 11.8
Tholen 9.7
Tiel 15.4
Tilburg 10.2
Tubbergen 6.6
Twenterand 9.3
Tynaarlo 9.9
Tytsjerksteradiel 8.5
Uden 9.7
Uitgeest 7.3
Uithoorn 8.9
Urk 5.6
Utrecht 12.8
UtrechtseHeuvelrug 8.4
Vaals 7.9
ValkenburgaandeGeul 13.1
Valkenswaard 9.2
Veendam 14.3
Veenendaal 12.8
Veere 7.2
Veldhoven 10
Velsen 10.9
Venlo 11
Venray 9.8
Vijfheerenlanden 7.6
Vlaardingen 7.2
Vlieland 6.6
Vlissingen 11.1
Voerendaal 7.1
Voorschoten 9.6
Voorst 8.7
Vught 9.1
Waadhoeke 8.2
Waalre 8.9
Waalwijk 12.2
Waddinxveen 8.2
Wageningen 7.5
Wassenaar 8.5
Waterland 7.2
Weert 11.9
Weesp 8
WestBetuwe 7.6
Westerkwartier 9.8
Westerveld 10.8
Westervoort 13.1
Westerwolde 9.2
Westland 8.9
WestMaasenWaal 8.9
Weststellingwerf 9.4
Westvoorne 5.5
Wierden 7.5
Wijchen 9.3
Wijdemeren 8.1
WijkbijDuurstede 10.4
Winterswijk 10.4
Woensdrecht 8.3
Woerden 7.6
Wormerland 6.8
Woudenberg 8.6
Zaanstad 12
Zaltbommel 12.6
Zandvoort 8.5
Zeewolde 10.6
Zeist 10
Zevenaar 11.6
Zoetermeer 11
Zoeterwoude 10.1
Zuidplas 9.2
Zundert 6.6
Zutphen 11.3
Zwartewaterland 7.6
Zwijndrecht 13.3
Zwolle 9.7
* provisional figures

The questions

Noten

Youth assistance

Help and care as intended and described in the Child and Youth Act (2014). This refers to assistance and care provided to young people and their parents in case of psychological, psychosocial or behavioural problems, a mental handicap or (parents’) parenting problems.

Youth protection

A compulsory measure that a court imposes. The aim of the child protection measures is to eliminate the threat to a child’s safety and development. A child or young person is then ‘put under supervision’ or ‘placed under guardianship’.

Juvenile rehabilitation

A combination of guidance and monitoring for young people from 12 years of age who have been in trouble with the police or a school attendance officer before their 18th birthday and have been issued an official report. If desired, juvenile criminal law can also be applied to young adults aged 18 to 22. The young person receives tailored guidance from a juvenile rehabilitation worker to prevent him or her from reoffending.

Colophon

This web publication was developed by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) in cooperation with Textcetera The Hague.
If you have a question or comment about this publication, please contact us.

Disclaimer and copyright

Cookies

On this website, CBS uses functional cookies on this website to allow proper functioning of the site. These cookies do not contain personal user data and have minimal or no consequences for your privacy. In addition, CBS uses analytical cookies to track visitor statistics, including the number of page views, which topics users are searching, and how visitors reach our website. The purpose is to gain insight into the functioning of the website in order to improve your user experience. We minimise traceability of visitors to our website as much as possible by anonymising the final octet (group of eight bits) of each IP address. These data are not shared with other parties. CBS does not use tracking cookies. Tracking cookies are cookies that track visitors during their browsing of other websites.

The functional and analytical cookies have minimal or no consequences for your privacy. In accordance with current regulations, these cookies may be placed without prior consent.

More information (in Dutch only): https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/telecommunicatie/vraag-en-antwoord/mag-een-website-ongevraagd-cookies-plaatsen

Explanation of symbols

Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

About CBS

CBS responds to developments in Dutch society by providing statistical information as facts that matter, and communicates on these facts with the outside world. In doing so, CBS offers insights into current developments in society and helps answer policy questions. Research at CBS is focused on broad trends in society and how these are interrelated.

CBS has offices in The Hague, Heerlen and Bonaire with altogether approximately 2,000 staff. A society-oriented working attitude is essential to CBS. CBS provides figures which are relevant to society. Every year, CBS publishes around 600 statistical studies. Virtually every day, CBS data and figures are communicated to the outside world via news releases, video messages and through social media. This results in some 50,000 articles per year in daily newspapers and on news sites.

For more information on CBS’s tasks, organisation and publications, go to cbs.nl/en-gb.

Contact

Should you have any questions or need more information, please contact us.

Contributors

Concept & image editor

Irene van Kuik

Infographics

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek

Editors

Ronald van der Bie

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Karolien van Wijk

Gert Jan Wijma

Translators

Frans Dinnissen

Gaby de Vet

Taalcentrum VU

Final editor

Elma Wobma

We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in numbers.