Edition 2021

Foto omschrijving: Man cycling along the water, construction of new-build homes in the background

How many dwellings in the Netherlands?

On 1 July 2021, the Netherlands had more than 8.0 million homes. This is over 340 thousand more than five years earlier. Almost half of all homes are located in the western Netherlands. The northern Netherlands has the fewest dwellings, with 1 in 10 houses located in Groningen, Fryslân or Drenthe. Both average house prices and rents in the Netherlands have risen every year over the past five years.

West NorthSouth East How many dwellings in the Netherlands?3,871,365816,9451,697,0331,620,109

Nearly 6 in 10 Dutch homes are owner-occupied and more than 4 in 10 are rental properties. At the start of 2020, the country counted 4.5 million owner-occupied homes and 3.3 million rented homes. In the four major cities, the share of rental housing is higher than the average in the Netherlands. All four major cities have more rental properties than owner-occupied homes. Seven in 10 dwellings in Amsterdam are rental properties.

Average sales price of existing homes over 350 thousand euros

In Q2 2021, existing owner-occupied dwellings were on average 13.0 percent more expensive than one year previously. The average sales price of an existing owner-occupied home was nearly 366 thousand euros in Q2 2021, i.e. over 138 thousand more than five years earlier. At more than 442 thousand euros, new-build homes were on average nearly 177 thousand euros more expensive in Q2 2021 than in Q2 2015.

Prices of owner-occupied dwellings (year-on-year % change)
Jaar Kwartaal Existing owner-occupied dwellings New owner-occupied dwellings
2016 Q1, 2016 4.1 6.9
2016 Q2, 2016 4.4 4.4
2016 Q3, 2016 5.6 1.9
2016 Q4, 2016 6.1 5.4
2017 Q1, 2017 6.8 6.1
2017 Q2, 2017 7.7 6.3
2017 Q3, 2017 7.6 6.2
2017 Q4, 2017 8.2 10.2
2018 Q1, 2018 9.0 11.5
2018 Q2, 2018 8.8 11.7
2018 Q3, 2018 9.2 16.3
2018 Q4, 2018 9.0 10.2
2019 Q1, 2019 7.9 9.5
2019 Q2, 2019 7.2 16.0
2019 Q3, 2019 6.3 6.3
2019 Q4, 2019 6.2 8.7
2020 Q1, 2020 6.6 4.6
2020 Q2, 2020 7.5 4.2
2020 Q3, 2020 8.1 10.2
2020 Q4, 2020 8.8 8.7
2021 Q1, 2021 10.3 16.8
2021 Q2, 2021 13.0 11.4

Smallest rent increase since 1960

In July 2021, housing rents were up by an average of 0.8 percent year-on-year. This is the smallest rent increase since 1960. Rents of social housing increased by an average of 0.3 percent among both housing corporations and other agencies. Rents of private sector housing increased by 2.2 percent.

Average rent increase as per 1 July and inflation rate of the previous year (year-on-year % change)
Jaar Inflation rate of the previous year House rents
2010 1.2 1.6
2011 1.3 1.8
2012 2.3 2.8
2013 2.5 4.7
2014 2.5 4.4
2015 1.0 2.4
2016 0.6 1.9
2017 0.3 1.6
2018 1.4 2.3
2019 1.7 2.5
2020 2.6 2.9
2021 1.3 0.8

Regional variations in rent increase

There are considerable differences in the rent increase between the major cities and the various provinces. At 1.4 percent, the highest increase was seen in Overijssel. In Fryslân, rents fell by an average of 0.1 percent; for tenants who did not move, rents even decreased by 0.4 percent. In Groningen and Drenthe, the rents for existing tenants remained the same.

Of the four major cities, The Hague’s rent prices rose the least at 0.8 percent. That is exactly the national average. At 1.6 percent, the largest rent increase was recorded in Utrecht.

The questions


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* provisional figure
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2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
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Concept & image editor

Irene van Kuik


Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek


Ronald van der Bie

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Karolien van Wijk

Gert Jan Wijma


Frans Dinnissen

Gaby de Vet

Taalcentrum VU

Final editor

Elma Wobma

We thank all CBS colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in numbers.