What about cyber crime?
In 2019, 13 percent of people aged 15 and over indicated they had been victims of one or more cyber crimes. Hacking, fraud when buying or selling online and cyber bullying are the most common forms of cyber crime. A small proportion of the victims reported the crime in question to the police.
Cyber crime is crime involving digital forms of identity fraud, fraud when buying or selling online, hacking and cyber bullying (slander, stalking, blackmail and threats of violence committed online). This information comes from the Safety Monitor, a survey among 135 thousand Dutch people aged 15 years and over about, among other things, being a victim of common crime.
Hacking, online shopping fraud and cyber bullying
A total of 13 percent had experienced cyber crime in the past year. Hacking was most common, mentioned by 5.5 percent of all respondents in the Safety Monitor. Fraud when buying or selling online is second with 4.6 percent, and 4.2 percent of respondents experienced some form of cyber bullying, such as stalking or threats. In 2019, cyber bullying was the only form of cyber crime in which there were more repeat victims (2.7 percent) than one-off victims (1.5 percent).
Increased cyber crime
The share of victims of cyber crime in 2019 was higher than in 2017 and 2012, when it was 11 and 12 percent, respectively. With respect to identity fraud, the victim percentage was 0.4 percent in 2017 and 0.5 percent in 2019; for fraud when buying or selling online, it was 3.9 and 4.6 percent, respectively; for hacking 4.9 and 5.5 percent, and for cyber bullying 3.1 and 4.2 percent.
|Category||Cyber crime total||Identity fraud||Online shopping fraud||Hacking||Cyberbullying|
|1)No measurement took place in 2018.|
More young people, more men
Men reported being victims of cyber crime slightly more often than women (13.7 percent vs. 12.3 percent). For almost all forms of cyber crime, men were just as likely as or more likely than women to be victims; only in the case of stalking, a form of cyber bullying, do women report being victims slightly more often than is the case with men.
Young people tend to be victims of cyber crime more often than older people. For young people between the ages of 15 and 24, this was 17.6 percent while for people aged 65 and over, this was 7.2 percent. Members of the youngest age group were most often the victim of cyber bullying (7.9 percent).
|type cybercrime||15 to 24 yrs||25 to 44 yrs||45 to 64 yrs||65 yrs and over|
|Cyber crime total||17.6||15.6||12.4||7.2|
|Online shopping fraud||5.7||6.5||4.4||1.5|
One in 12 go to the police
In approximately 1 in 8 (13 percent) of all cases of identity fraud, fraud when buying or selling online, hacking and cyber bullying combined in 2019, the police was notified. More than 1 in 12 cases (8 percent) were reported to the police. The reporting of cyber crime has not changed substantially in recent years.
|Notified the police||12.8||13.1||12.7|
|Reported to the police||8.2||8.0||7.1|
|Reported via official police report||3.8||4.4||4.4|