Edition 2020

Photo description: Teenager sitting on her bed in front of a fogged-up window in the attic.

How many under-18s are receiving youth assistance?

As of 1 January 2019, there were nearly 3.4 million young people under the age of 18 in the Netherlands. Almost 428 thousand of them received youth care, i.e. 1 in 8. More than 41 thousand received youth protection and 6 thousand were in juvenile rehabilitation programmes. Thirty-five thousand young people had youth protection and/or were in juvenile rehabilitation programmes in addition to receiving youth assistance.

How many under-18s are receiving youth assistance?only youth protection8,040total youth care427,885only juvenile rehabilitation1,965only youth assistance(incl. personal budgets)382,395

Youth care, under which fall youth assistancenoot1 youth protectionnoot2 and juvenile rehabilitationnoot3, is intended for young people under the age of 18 and can be extended up to the age of 22. Last year, 443 thousand young people under the age of 23 received youth care. This was 430 thousand in 2018. The figure for 2019 is provisional. In previous years, the definitive figures turned out to be 1 to 2 percent higher than the provisional figures.

More young people receiving youth assistance and protection

The number of young people receiving youth care has increased since 2015. The number receiving youth assistance is rising fastest. The number of young people with youth protection has gone up again after an initial decline from 2017. Furthermore, the number of young people in the juvenile rehabilitation programmes is falling.

Development of youth care (2015=100)
Youth assistance Youth protection Juvenile rehabilitation
2015 100 100 100
2016 107.3 94.5 95.7
2017 112.1 94.0 90.9
2018 115 95.5 84.1
2019* 118.5 97.9 81.7

Youth assistance going especially to under-18s

Municipalities are responsible for providing youth care. If the municipality reimburses the care directly to the care provider, this is referred to as care in kind. It is also possible to purchase youth assistance using a personal budget (PGB). In 2019, almost 22 thousand young people made use of a personal budget to purchase youth assistance. Nearly 15 thousand of this group also received youth assistance in kind.

High levels of youth assistance in the northeast and central Limburg

Municipalities differ widely in the use of youth assistance. Municipalities in the northeast of the country and in central Limburg provided youth assistance to more than 15 percent of their young people aged 18 or younger. This is higher than in other parts of the country. These regions also had a relatively high proportion of young people with youth protection. CBS is unable to determine the possible causes of the regional differences in the use of youth care. Social and economic circumstances may underlie this, but also policy choices made by municipalities in organising their youth care.

Young people receiving youth assistance, 2019
Gemeente_naam Receiving youth assistance
's-Gravenhage 13.5
's-Hertogenbosch 11.62
AaenHunze 12.13
Aalsmeer 8.08
Aalten 10.88
Achtkarspelen 10.97
Alblasserdam 12.3
Albrandswaard 6.88
Alkmaar 12.29
Almelo 12.88
Almere 11.5
Alphen-Chaam 10.33
AlphenaandenRijn 15.98
Altena 10.72
Ameland 5.56
Amersfoort 11.16
Amstelveen 9.31
Amsterdam 12.89
Apeldoorn 12.73
Appingedam 13.47
Arnhem 12.87
Assen 16.72
Asten 8.13
Baarle-Nassau 10.69
Baarn 10.03
Barendrecht 8.53
Barneveld 10.39
Beek 13.99
Beekdaelen 14.49
Beemster 8.22
Beesel 13.84
Bergeijk 10.48
Bergen(L.) 10.26
Bergen(NH.) 10.5
BergenDal 11.02
BergenopZoom 14.2
Berkelland 10.91
Bernheze 11.5
Best 12.17
Beuningen 13.19
Beverwijk 12.98
Bladel 9.65
Blaricum 8.68
Bloemendaal 8.32
Bodegraven-Reeuwijk 12.16
Boekel 9.65
Borger-Odoorn 13.41
Borne 9.51
Borsele 13.02
Boxmeer 13.02
Boxtel 11.97
Breda 10.6
Brielle 9.15
Bronckhorst 11.32
Brummen 11.29
Brunssum 15.96
Bunnik 8.91
Bunschoten 12.41
Buren 11.06
CapelleaandenIJssel 12.03
Castricum 8.66
Coevorden 10.8
Cranendonck 9.79
Cuijk 11.81
Culemborg 9.78
Dalfsen 10.22
Dantumadiel 10.88
DeBilt 9.1
DeFryskeMarren 9.87
Delft 15.24
Delfzijl 13.48
DenHelder 16.27
DeRondeVenen 8.28
Deurne 11.95
Deventer 10.96
DeWolden 11.2
Diemen 8.89
Dinkelland 7.78
Doesburg 14.7
Doetinchem 13.77
Dongen 14.82
Dordrecht 13.43
Drechterland 9.57
Drimmelen 10.38
Dronten 10.83
Druten 12.4
Duiven 13.93
Echt-Susteren 16.58
Edam-Volendam 6.45
Ede 10.78
Eemnes 10.26
Eersel 9.7
Eijsden-Margraten 12.72
Eindhoven 10.6
Elburg 8.7
Emmen 15.21
Enkhuizen 14.17
Enschede 11.74
Epe 10.56
Ermelo 12.19
Etten-Leur 12.88
Geertruidenberg 13.56
Geldrop-Mierlo 12.75
Gemert-Bakel 8.59
Gennep 11.89
GilzeenRijen 13.25
Goeree-Overflakkee 10.08
Goes 14.52
Goirle 11.9
GooiseMeren 9.82
Gorinchem 13.1
Gouda 15.72
Grave 12.8
Groningen 12.59
Gulpen-Wittem 11.22
Haaksbergen 9.98
Haaren 10.47
Haarlem 9.75
Haarlemmermeer 11.62
Halderberge 11.28
Hardenberg 11.56
Harderwijk 12.14
Hardinxveld-Giessendam 10.39
Harlingen 10.66
Hattem 9.73
Heemskerk 12.26
Heemstede 8.09
Heerde 17.91
Heerenveen 11.46
Heerhugowaard 13.01
Heerlen 16.61
Heeze-Leende 8.71
Heiloo 9.96
Hellendoorn 9.67
Hellevoetsluis 10.92
Helmond 10.03
Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 12.51
Hengelo 11.45
HetHogeland 14.2
Heumen 10.08
Heusden 14.26
Hillegom 16.18
Hilvarenbeek 9.83
Hilversum 10.74
HoekscheWaard 12.09
HofvanTwente 11.01
HollandsKroon 13.2
Hoogeveen 14.25
Hoorn 13.16
HorstaandeMaas 12.57
Houten 10.17
Huizen 11.55
Hulst 12.39
IJsselstein 11.69
KaagenBraassem 16.76
Kampen 12.04
Kapelle 11.22
Katwijk 13.11
Kerkrade 16.61
Koggenland 10.72
KrimpenaandenIJssel 16.8
Krimpenerwaard 10.34
Laarbeek 7.9
Landerd 12.27
Landgraaf 17.13
Landsmeer 9.71
Langedijk 10.59
Lansingerland 9.86
Laren 8.76
Leeuwarden 14.3
Leiden 16.05
Leiderdorp 14.42
Leidschendam-Voorburg 11.39
Lelystad 11.8
Leudal 15.92
Leusden 10.8
Lingewaard 11.51
Lisse 13.94
Lochem 9.77
LoonopZand 15.2
Lopik 10.66
Loppersum 12.49
Losser 10.94
Maasdriel 10.87
Maasgouw 15
Maassluis 9.01
Maastricht 17.15
Medemblik 11.72
Meerssen 14.96
Meierijstad 10.15
Meppel 13.13
Middelburg 11.54
Midden-Delfland 7.96
Midden-Drenthe 14.29
Midden-Groningen 14.74
MillenSintHubert 11.99
Moerdijk 14.65
Molenlanden 12.33
Montferland 13.12
Montfoort 8.18
MookenMiddelaar 11.02
Neder-Betuwe 9.13
Nederweert 13.64
Nieuwegein 11.25
Nieuwkoop 12.1
Nijkerk 10.38
Nijmegen 11.58
Nissewaard 14.97
Noardeast-Fryslân 10.1
Noord-Beveland 13.33
Noordenveld 11.48
Noordoostpolder 10.74
Noordwijk 14.11
Nuenen,GerwenenNederwetten 9.21
Nunspeet 9.13
Oegstgeest 12.37
Oirschot 10.77
Oisterwijk 12.97
Oldambt 16.12
Oldebroek 10.02
Oldenzaal 10.36
Olst-Wijhe 9.93
Ommen 10.48
Oosterhout 12.21
OostGelre 13.31
Ooststellingwerf 12
Oostzaan 8.61
Opmeer 10.46
Opsterland 10.91
Oss 14.32
OudeIJsselstreek 13.25
Ouder-Amstel 9.31
Oudewater 10.02
Overbetuwe 14.45
Papendrecht 14.61
PeelenMaas 9.06
Pekela 16.89
Pijnacker-Nootdorp 12.17
Purmerend 10.77
Putten 14.79
Raalte 7.54
Reimerswaal 12.22
Renkum 15.52
Renswoude 8.67
Reusel-DeMierden 8.71
Rheden 14.73
Rhenen 8.94
Ridderkerk 8.8
Rijssen-Holten 9.38
Rijswijk 12.35
Roerdalen 15.17
Roermond 15.14
Roosendaal 13.91
Rotterdam 12.87
Rozendaal 11.76
Rucphen 12.88
Schagen 10.48
Scherpenzeel 9.64
Schiedam 7.73
Schiermonnikoog 7.03
Schouwen-Duiveland 11.48
Simpelveld 11.94
Sint-Michielsgestel 10.1
SintAnthonis 10.13
Sittard-Geleen 17.28
Sliedrecht 14.67
Sluis 10.8
Smallingerland 13.9
Soest 10.59
Someren 8.43
SonenBreugel 8.79
Stadskanaal 14.28
Staphorst 6.18
StedeBroec 12.85
Steenbergen 11.87
Steenwijkerland 10.96
Stein 13.91
StichtseVecht 10.29
Súdwest-Fryslân 10.5
Terneuzen 15.25
Terschelling 11.63
Texel 10.07
Teylingen 15.37
Tholen 13.99
Tiel 17.59
Tilburg 14.07
Tubbergen 7.36
Twenterand 10.02
Tynaarlo 11.32
Tytsjerksteradiel 10.91
Uden 12.84
Uitgeest 9.67
Uithoorn 10.32
Urk 6.74
Utrecht 16.44
UtrechtseHeuvelrug 9.51
Vaals 13.03
ValkenburgaandeGeul 14.46
Valkenswaard 11.43
Veendam 16.88
Veenendaal 15.55
Veere 8.79
Veldhoven 11.72
Velsen 13.18
Venlo 13.48
Venray 12.57
Vijfheerenlanden 10.03
Vlaardingen 9.3
Vlieland 8.28
Vlissingen 12.95
Voerendaal 9.63
Voorschoten 11.07
Voorst 9.67
Vught 11
Waadhoeke 9.34
Waalre 11.68
Waalwijk 15.15
Waddinxveen 9.94
Wageningen 13.11
Wassenaar 9.87
Waterland 8.58
Weert 14.55
Weesp 8.24
WestBetuwe 9.91
Westerkwartier 11.45
Westerveld 13
Westervoort 16.68
Westerwolde 13.09
Westland 11.55
WestMaasenWaal 10.51
Weststellingwerf 11.68
Westvoorne 7.94
Wierden 7.44
Wijchen 11.85
Wijdemeren 9.53
WijkbijDuurstede 12.61
Winterswijk 12.1
Woensdrecht 12.51
Woerden 8.85
Wormerland 8.55
Woudenberg 11.61
Zaanstad 14.98
Zaltbommel 14.66
Zandvoort 9.49
Zeewolde 13.77
Zeist 11.67
Zevenaar 14.77
Zoetermeer 14.77
Zoeterwoude 13.17
Zuidplas 10.89
Zundert 8.75
Zutphen 13.91
Zwartewaterland 8.6
Zwijndrecht 16.65
Zwolle 12.17

The questions

Notes

Youth assistance

Help and care as intended and described in the Child and Youth Act (2014). This refers to assistance and care provided to young people and their parents in case of psychological, psychosocial or behavioural problems, a mental handicap or (parents’) parenting problems.

Juvenile protection

Youth protection is a compulsory measure imposed by a court. The aim of the child protection measures is to eliminate the threat to a child’s safety and development. A child or young person is then 'put under supervision' or 'placed under guardianship'.

Juvenile rehabilitation

Juvenile rehabilitation is a combination of guidance and monitoring for young people from 12 years of age, who have been in trouble with the police or a school attendance officer before their 18th birthday and have been issued an official report. If desired, juvenile criminal law can also be applied to young adults aged 18 to 22. The young person receives tailored guidance from a juvenile rehabilitation worker to prevent him or her from reoffending.

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Explanation of symbols

Explanation of symbols
Symbol Explanation
Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

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Infographics

Anne Blaak

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek

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Ronald van der Bie

Kees Groenenboom

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Elma Wobma

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Gert Jan Wijma

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Frans Dinnissen

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