Edition 2020

Photo description: Lorry driver at work in his upholstered cabin.

How many people (never) work from home?

By no means does everyone have the opportunity to work from home. In 2019, there were many more workers who never worked from home (5.5 million) than those who did (3.5 million). Most of the homeworkers worked from home occasionally (2.2 million), while the rest usually did so (1.3 million).

How many people (never) work from home?5,500,000do not work from home2,200,000occasionally workfrom home1,300,000usually workfrom home

Of those regular homeworkersnoot1, 7 out of 10 worked from home, for example sales representatives who visit clients. The rest worked in their own home, such as dentists with a practice at home.

For some time now, the percentage of homeworkers has been increasing. In 2013, more than a third (34 percent) of all workers worked at home, and in 2019 this was almost two-fifths (39 percent).

Many homeworkers among managers, ICT professionals and creative and linguistic professionals

Proportionally, most homeworkers are found among managers, people with a creative or linguistic profession, such as translators, copywriters, visual artists and singers, and people working in ICT. Obviously, the relatively fewest homeworkers are found among drivers and others working in transport and logistics. More than 9 out of 10 of this group never worked at home in 2019.

Homeworking among the active labour force, 2019 (%)
Usually homeworking, from home Usually homeworking, at home Occasionally homeworking, on fixed days Occasionally homeworking, without fixed days Not homeworking
All occupations 10 4 5 20 61
. . . . .
Creative and
linguistic occupations
21 23 5 22 29
ICT 18 6 12 35 29
Managers 17 5 10 39 29
Educational occupations 9 5 8 39 39
Business economics
and administration
11 6 9 26 48
Public administration, safety,
and law
12 3 10 26 49
Care and welfare 11 3 3 19 63
Commercial occupations 9 3 5 16 67
Technical occupations 10 2 2 12 75
Agricultural occupations 7 3 1 5 84
Service-oriented occupations 3 2 1 4 90
Transport and logistics 3 0 0 2 94

Homeworkers worked on average 12 hours a week from home

The homeworkers, i.e. all those who sometimes work at home on a professional basis, worked an average of 34 hours per week.noot2 That amounts to more than 4 working days, assuming an eight-hour working day. This group worked at home for an average of 1.5 days (12 hours). For those who worked at home on a fixed day of the week, their homeworking amounted to an average of more than 7 hours a week. Homeworkers without a fixed day or with two fixed days worked an average of almost 13 hours per week under their own roof. For homeworkers with more than two fixed homeworking days, the average was nearly 15 hours a week.

Fewest homeworking hours in transport and logistics sectors

Homeworkers in the pedagogical, creative and linguistic professions spent half the working week at home. Homeworking managers and farmers, who on average worked more hours per week than all other occupational groups (40 hours), worked for a smaller portion of their time at home, i.e. 15 hours and 18 hours, respectively. The transport and logistics professions also feature at the bottom of this list, with an average of 7 out of 33 hours.

Working hours of homeworkers, 2019 (average number of working hours per week)
Hours worked from home Hours worked elsewhere
Alle occupations 12 22
. .
Creative and
linguistic occupations
16 15
Educational occupations 14 14
Agricultural occupations 18 22
Managers 15 26
Business economics
and administration
11 22
Care and welfare 10 20
Public administration,
safety and law
12 23
ICT 12 24
Technical occupations 12 26
Commercial occupations 11 25
Service-oriented occupations 9 22
Transport and
7 27

The questions


Regular or occasional homeworking

This news release is based on information taken from the Labour Force Survey (EBB). This contribution relates to the total active labour force, i.e. both employees and the self-employed. The respondents were asked the following questions:

  • Where do you generally work: at your own home address, at a different fixed location or at various locations?
  • Do you work inside the house or elsewhere, for example a home office or practice with a separate entrance, a warehouse or outside?
  • Do you also work from home occasionally?

Working hours per week

These are hours usually worked in the main job. The main job is the job that a person spends most time on. Some workers have more than one job.


This web publication was developed by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) in cooperation with Textcetera The Hague.
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Explanation of symbols

Explanation of symbols
Symbol Explanation
Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

About CBS

CBS responds to developments in Dutch society by providing statistical information as facts that matter, and communicates on these facts with the outside world. In doing so, CBS offers insights into current developments in society and helps answer policy questions. Research at CBS is focused on broad trends in society and how these are interrelated.

CBS has offices in The Hague, Heerlen and Bonaire with altogether approximately 2,000 staff. A society-oriented working attitude is essential to CBS. CBS provides figures which are relevant to society. Every year, CBS publishes around 600 statistical studies. Virtually every day, CBS data and figures are communicated to the outside world via news releases, video messages and through social media. This results in some 50,000 articles per year in daily newspapers and on news sites.

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Concept & image editing

Irene van Kuik


Anne Blaak

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek


Ronald van der Bie

Kees Groenenboom

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Elma Wobma

Karolien van Wijk

Gert Jan Wijma


Gabriëlle de Vet

Frans Dinnissen

Final editing

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

We thank all other colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in Numbers.