Edition 2020

Photo description: People lining up at an airport with their luggage.

How many passengers flying into and out of the Netherlands?

In 2019, over 81.2 million passengers travelled via Dutch airports, with more than 88 percent going through Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. At four of the five national airports, passengers travelled most frequently to and from London. In 2019, 1.7 million tonnes of air freight were transported to and from the Netherlands.

ArrivalsDeparturesNorth andCentral AmericaSouth America800,000800,000How many passengers flying into and out of the Netherlands?4,700,0004,600,000Legend

In 2019, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol handled 71.7 million passengers, 1.0 percent more than in the previous year. Almost 9.5 million passengers flew via Eindhoven Airport, Rotterdam The Hague Airport, Maastricht Aachen Airport and Groningen Airport Eelde. With a share of 8.4 percent of all passengers, Eindhoven Airport is the second-busiest airport in the Netherlands. This represents an increase in passenger numbers of 8.7 percent relative to 2018. The number of passengers travelling via the airports of Maastricht and Rotterdam in 2019 was up by 56.4 and 9.8 percent respectively, while passenger numbers travelling via Groningen fell by 23 percent.

Most often to Heathrow

Most passengers travelling through a Dutch airport in 2019 flew between the Netherlands and London Heathrow: 1.75 million travellers. Barcelona El Prat was the second most-popular destination with 1.62 million passengers. Yet these airports are not always the final destinations of travellers. Airports such as London Heathrow and Schiphol often function as hubs, where passengers transfer to other flights.

Passengers at Dutch airports by origin and destination (x million)
luchthaven 2019 2018
London Heathrow 1.75 1.75
Barcelona El Prat 1.61 1.69
Dublin 1.32 1.31
Paris Charles de Gaulle 1.24 1.24
Madrid Barajas 1.22 1.11
Lisboa Portela 1.18 1.15
Copenhagen Kastrup 1.17 1.18
Manchester Ringway 1.14 1.11
Malaga Pablo Ruiz Picasso 1.12 1.11
London Gatwick 1.10 1.08

At four of the five national airports, the majority of passengers travelled to and from one of London’s airports in 2019. Travellers from Amsterdam are most likely to choose London Heathrow, while those from Rotterdam prefer London City Airport. London Luton Airport is most popular among travellers from Eindhoven, and London Southend Airport among travellers departing from Groningen. The majority of passengers flying from Maastricht travelled to and from the Turkish seaside resort of Antalya.

More aircraft movements

In 2019, there were 656 thousand aircraft movements to and from the five national airports, one thousand fewer than in the previous year. Of these aircraft movements, 566 thousand were commercial (transport of passengers, cargo and mail for remuneration or hire); 0.3 percent more than in 2018. The number of commercial air transport flights at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol was 497 thousand in 2019, which is 0.5 percent lower than in 2018. Other flights include non-commercial overland flights (including private flights) and instruction flights.

The EU’s third airport

In terms of passenger numbers, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol has been the third largest airport in the European Union since 2016. Only London Heathrow and Paris Charles de Gaulle drew more passengers; Frankfurt and Madrid airports have taken the fourth and fifth spots since 2016. This top 5 has indeed remained unchanged since 2016.

Top 10 European airports with passenger traffic (x million)
luchthaven 2018 2019
London Heathrow 80.1 80.9
Paris Charles de Gaulle 72.3 76.2
Amsterdam Schiphol 71.2 71.7
Frankfurt Main 69.6 70.6
Madrid Barajas 56.4 59.8
Barcelona El Prat 49.6 51.8
Munich 46.3 48.0
London Gatwick 46.1 46.6
Rome Fiumicino 43.1 43.7
Warsaw Chopina 17.8 37.7

The questions


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Explanation of symbols

Explanation of symbols
Symbol Explanation
Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

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Concept & image editing

Irene van Kuik


Anne Blaak

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek


Ronald van der Bie

Kees Groenenboom

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Elma Wobma

Karolien van Wijk

Gert Jan Wijma


Gabriëlle de Vet

Frans Dinnissen

Final editing

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

We thank all other colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in Numbers.