Edition 2020

Photo description: Boys playing soccer against a backdrop of houses and a flat building.

How many dwellings in the Netherlands?

On 1 January 2020, the Netherlands had 7.9 million homes. This is more than 300 thousand more than five years earlier. Almost half of all homes are located in the western Netherlands. The northern Netherlands has the fewest dwellings, with 1 in 10 houses located in Groningen, Fryslân or Drenthe.

WestNorthSouthEast1,594,895 dwellingsHow many dwellings in the Netherlands?

Nearly 6 in 10 Dutch homes are owner-occupied and more than 4 in 10 are rental property. At the start of 2019, the country counted 4.5 million owner-occupied homes and 3.3 million rented homes. In the four major cities, the share of rental housing is higher than the average in the Netherlands. All four major cities have more rental properties than owner-occupied homes. Seven in 10 dwellings in Amsterdam are rental properties.

Both average house prices and rents in the Netherlands have risen every year over the past five years.

Average selling price of existing dwellings 100 thousand euros higher than in 2015

In Q2 2020, existing owner-occupied dwellings were on average 7.5 percent more expensive than a year previously. The average selling price of an existing owner-occupied home was nearly 328 thousand euros in 2020 Q2, i.e. around 100 thousand euros more than five years earlier. At 410 thousand euros, new-build homes were on average over 144 thousand euros more expensive than in the second quarter of 2015.

Selling prices of existing owner-occupied dwellings (year-on-year % change)
Year Kwartaal Prices
2015 Q1, 2015 2.4
2015 Q2, 2015 2.5
2015 Q3, 2015 2.9
2015 Q4, 2015 3.5
2016 Q1, 2016 4.1
2016 Q2, 2016 4.4
2016 Q3, 2016 5.6
2016 Q4, 2016 6.1
2017 Q1, 2017 6.8
2017 Q2, 2017 7.7
2017 Q3, 2017 7.6
2017 Q4, 2017 8.2
2018 Q1, 2018 9.0
2018 Q2, 2018 8.8
2018 Q3, 2018 9.2
2018 Q4, 2018 9.0
2019 Q1, 2019 7.9
2019 Q2, 2019 7.2
2019 Q3, 2019 6.3
2019 Q4, 2019 6.2
2020 Q1, 2020 6.6
2020 Q2, 2020 7.5

Rise in house prices in four major cities

In Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht, prices of existing owner-occupied homes rose more sharply between the second quarter of 2015 and that of 2020 than the average in the Netherlands. Price developments in Amsterdam were the strongest, showing an increase of 66 percent in five years.

Of the four major cities, prices in The Hague rose the least: 58 percent.

Price developments in Amsterdam in the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 were the highest of the four major cities. In 2019 and the first half of 2020, prices in Amsterdam rose less sharply than the average in the Netherlands. In 2018, Rotterdam had the strongest price increase of the major cities with 14.5 percent, while in 2019 Utrecht was in the lead with 9.2 percent.

Prices of existing owner-occupied dwellings, Q2 2020 relative to Q2 2015 (% change)
Kwartaal Existing owner-occupied dwellings
The Netherlands 41.0
Amsterdam 66.1
Utrecht 65.0
Rotterdam 61.2
The Hague 57.6

Developments in rents

As of July 2020, rents went up by an average of 2.9 percent year-on-year. Rents rose by an average of 2.5 percent in July 2019. The larger increase this year is mainly due to higher inflation.

In July 2020, the rents of social housing owned by housing corporations increased by an average of 2.7 percent. Rents of social housing owned by other agencies went up by 3.4 percent while private sector rents went up by 3.0 percent.

In July 2020, rents in the Netherlands were on average 12 percent higher than five years previously.

Average rent increase as of 1 July and prior-year inflation rate (year-on-year % change)
Year Prior-year inflation rate Rents
2015 1.0 2.4
2016 0.6 1.9
2017 0.3 1.6
2018 1.4 2.3
2019 1.7 2.5
2020 2.6 2.9

Largest rent increases in 2020 in Rotterdam and The Hague

Of the four major cities, rent increases in the previous five years (2015–2019) were highest in Amsterdam. In 2020, however, the highest rent increases were not recorded in Amsterdam but in Rotterdam, where rents rose by 4.1 percent as against 3.5 percent in Amsterdam. This year, rents in The Hague have also been rising more sharply than in Amsterdam, i.e. by 3.6 percent. Rents in Utrecht rose less sharply than the national average, namely by 2.6 percent.

The questions


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Explanation of symbols

Explanation of symbols
Symbol Explanation
Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

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Concept & image editing

Irene van Kuik


Anne Blaak

Janneke Hendriks

Richard Jollie

Hendrik Zuidhoek


Ronald van der Bie

Kees Groenenboom

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

Michel van Kooten

Sidney Vergouw

Paul de Winden

Elma Wobma

Karolien van Wijk

Gert Jan Wijma


Gabriëlle de Vet

Frans Dinnissen

Final editing

Annelie Hakkenes-Tuinman

We thank all other colleagues who have contributed to this edition of The Netherlands in Numbers.