Photo description: A baby born on St Eustatius smiles while being fed by his mother

How has the population evolved over the past decade?

On 1 January 2022, the population of the Caribbean Netherlands stood at 27.7 thousand. This is 5.4 thousand more than ten years previously, at the start of 2012. Over the past decade, only Bonaire has seen population growth; the number of inhabitants has actually decreased on St. Eustatius and Saba.

Bonaire had 22,573 residents as at 1 January 2022, which is almost 6 thousand (36 percent) more than one decade previously. This was mainly because more people settled on Bonaire than departed (the migration balance was 4.9 thousand) and, to a lesser extent, because of natural growth (the balance between births and deaths was 1.1 thousand). The population increased the most in 2013: by just over 1 thousand, representing the strongest growth. There was also relatively strong growth in 2012 and between 2019 and 2021, with around 800 additional residents per year. Fluctuations in population growth can be attributed almost entirely to migration; natural growth remained more or less uniform, with a birth surplus of around 100 per year.

This infographic shows the number of live born children on Bonaire, deaths, immigration and emigration figures between 2012 and 2022. The population grew by 5,926 persons. P o p u l a t i o n d y n am i c s , B o n ai r e , 1 J a n u ary 2012–2022 + 5,926* Bi r ths 1,998 D e aths 929 Immig r ation 13,940 Emig r ation 9,083 *G r o wth e x cl . other c or r ections

Decline on St Eustatius

At the start of 2022, St Eustatius had 3,242 inhabitants, which is 470 people (12 percent) less than at the start of 2012. The strongest decline was seen in 2015, when the population decreased by almost 700. This coincided with the clean-up of the PIVA (population administration), when entries of non-residents in St Eustatius were removed from the records. For example, many US citizens were considered as not actual residents. Population records were also cleaned up in 2014 and 2018, but less than in 2015.

This infographic shows the number of live born children on St Eustatius, deaths, immigration and emigration figures between 2012 and 2022. The population declined by 470 persons. – 470* * G r o wth e x cl . other c or r ections Bi r ths 344 D e aths 165 Immig r ation 2,034 Emig r ation 2,683 P o p u l a t i o n d y n am i c s , S t E u s t a t i u s , 1 J a n u ary 2012–2022

Slight decline on Saba

On 1 January 2022, Saba had 1,911 registered inhabitants. This was 58 (3 percent) less than at the start of 2012, i.e. ten years previously. The strongest decline took place in 2018, when negative population growth (–240) was recorded. This coincided with an administrative clean-up as well: there were increased checks on the deregistration of students after they had completed their studies, in collaboration with the local university. The same development took place in 2013, but to a lesser extent.

This infographic shows the number of live born children on Saba, deaths, immigration and emigration figures between 2012 and 2022. The population declined by 58 persons. – 58* Bi r ths 134 D e aths 133 Immig r ation 2,861 Emig r ation 2,920 * G r o wth e x cl . other c or r ections P o p u l a t i o n d y n am i c s , Sa b a , 1 J a n u ary 2012–2022
1,911 residents on Saba as at 1 January 2022 Buitenvorm Binnenvorm

More data on the populations of Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius


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More information (in Dutch only):

Explanation of symbols

Empty cell figure not applicable
. figure is unknown, insufficiently reliable or confidential
* provisional figure
** revised provisional figure
(between two numbers) inclusive
0 (0.0) less than half of unit concerned
2016–2017 2016 to 2017 inclusive
2016/2017 average for the years 2016 up to and including 2017
2016/’17 crop year, financial year, school year etc., beginning in 2016 and ending in 2017
2004/’05–2016/’17 crop year etc. 2004/’05 up to and including 2016/’17

Due to rounding, some totals may not correspond to the sum of the separate figures.

About CBS

Statistics Netherlands (CBS)

In a society where the amount of information is growing explosively, free access to reliable and integral data is crucial. As the national statistical office, Statistics Netherlands (CBS) provides reliable statistical information and data to produce insight into social issues, thus supporting the public debate, policy development and decision-making while contributing to prosperity, well-being and democracy.

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CBS in the Caribbean Netherlands

Statistics Netherlands opened an office on Bonaire in 2010. The Bonaire office is responsible for all statistics referring to the three islands of the Caribbean Netherlands: Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba, compiling statistics about prices, population, labour, income, the economy, tourism and trade.

Publications can be found in the dossier Caribbean Netherlands.


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